All RF Cafe quizzes would make perfect fodder for employment interviews for technicians or engineers - particularly those who are fresh out
of school or are relatively new to the work world. Come to think of it, they would make equally excellent study material for the same persons
who are going to be interviewed for a job.
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Note: Many answers contain passages quoted in whole or in part from the text.
quiz is based on the information presented in
High-Frequency Integrated Circuits, by Rosin Voinigescu.
Cambridge University Press graciously provided this book.
Note: Some of these books are available as prizes in the monthly
RF Cafe Giveaway.
1. Why are S-parameters preferred for high frequency network analysis?
They make matrix manipulation "S"impler
b) Open and short circuit terminations are not required
There actually is no reason to prefer them
d) They are a grandfathered de facto standard
2. To what temperature is noise figure normally referenced?
b) 0 °C
c) 290 °C
d) 290 K
3. Where does the Quantum Confinement (QC) effect occur
in a MOSFET?
a) At the source
b) At the gate
c) At the drain
Throughout the entire device
4. Why is substrate resistance important?
a) It makes no difference
It sets the device impedance
c) It drives up costs
d) It degrades fMAX
At what rate has MOSFET gate shrink scaling factor (√2) occurred since the 1970s?
Every 2-3 years
c) Every 4-5 years
d) Every decade
Who developed the first High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT)?
b) China Global Semiconductor (China)
c) Fujitsu (Japan)
Thomson Semiconductors (France)
7. When is coplanar waveguide (CPW) more
desirable than microstrip on a semiconductor substrate?
c) When a ground plane located on the top of the IC is not feasible.
the frequency is greater than 1 GHz
What is the definition of Power Added Efficiency (PAE) of a power amplifier?
a) ∑(POUT, PIN, PDC)
b) ∏(POUT, PIN, PDC)
(PRF - PIF) * PDC
d) (POUT - PIN) / PDC
9. What is the best type of
biasing for an Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) at high temperature?
a) Proportional to Absolute
Temperature (PTAT) bias
b) Polynomial Heuristical with Absolute Temperature (PHAT) bias
Synergistic to Absolute Temperature (STAT) bias
Complimentary to Absolute Temperature (CTAT) current mirror bias
10. How are in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q)
components of an RF signal generated?
a) With a 90° (quadrature) equal amplitude coupler
By converting to digital then delaying the signal by 1/4 of a clock cycle
c) By adding signal
until a 90° phase shift is obtained
d) By adding signal until a -90° phase shift is obtained
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answers and explanations.