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About RF Cafe

Kirt Blattenberger - RF Cafe Webmaster

Copyright: 1996 - 2024
    Kirt Blattenberger,


RF Cafe began life in 1996 as "RF Tools" in an AOL screen name web space totaling 2 MB. Its primary purpose was to provide me with ready access to commonly needed formulas and reference material while performing my work as an RF system and circuit design engineer. The World Wide Web (Internet) was largely an unknown entity at the time and bandwidth was a scarce commodity. Dial-up modems blazed along at 14.4 kbps while typing up your telephone line, and a nice lady's voice announced "You've Got Mail" when a new message arrived...

All trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other rights of ownership to images and text used on the RF Cafe website are hereby acknowledged.

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RF & Microwave Magazine Article Archive - 2012

If you are like me, you spend a lot of time reading articles from technical magazines. Sometimes I read the entire article, but usually I just scan the text for highlights and look at the schematics, block diagrams, and charts / graphs. Often, I want to go back and find an article but cannot recall where I saw it. A Google search will usually eventually reveal a hyperlink to the article, but a lot of times it takes a lot of digging. Since my key interests are not necessarily the same as RF Cafe visitors, an attempt will be made to catalog all of them. If there is a magazine not included here that you would like me to include in the list, please send me an e-mail and I will try to incorporate its articles, too.

High Frequency Electronics | Microwave Journal | Microwaves & RF | Microwave Product Digest | Test & Measurement World

RF Technology International (RFTI)


System Simulation Assists Advanced Radar Design

Audio Rectification from TDMA/GSM EMI
Arturo Mediano

Nested and Multi-Nested Supply Modulator for an Envelope Tracking Power Amplifier
Zhancang Wang


Material Choices and Tradeoffs for Printed Circuit Board Antennas
John Coonrod

A Review of Smart Grid, Smart Metering Technology and its Uses
David Tomanek and Jamal Alrawi

Finding VHF Radiated EMI from a Buck Converte
Arturo Mediano

RF Fundamentals – Low Noise Design Technique
Gary Breed


Low-EMI Printed Circuit Board Design for High Frequency Waveforms
Earl McCune and David Wyskiel

Antenna Current Distribution: the Basis for Modeling and Simulation
Gary Breed

The Mirror Technique for Reducing Radiated EMI
Arturo Mediano


An Introduction to RF Measurements with a Vector Network Analyzer

The Conjugate Match: Applications Where it is Not the Desired Method
Gary Breed

Find Resonances with a Near Field Probe and VSWR Bridge
Arturo Mediano


Digital Baseband and RF Domain Integration Challenges in Radar Systems
Brad Frieden

Reducing Data Transmission Errors by Breaking Ground Loops
Nikolas Ledoux

Essential Resources for PLL Design and Analysis
Gary Breed

Unusual Saturation Degrades Passive EMI Filters
Arturo Mediano


High Temperature Material Characterization for Wireless Microwave Sensors
Siamak Ebadi, Xinhua Ren, Yaohan Chen, Linan An, and Xun Gong

Basics of Digital Signals and Their Measurement
Gary Breed

Differential Versus Common Mode Currents
Arturo Mediano


Combining Simulation and Measurements in the Design Flow
David A. Hall, National Instruments, Sherry Hess, AWR

Harmonic Comb Generators for EMC Testing
Kenneth Wyatt

Analyzing the Performance of a Switching Mixer
Gary Breed

EMI from Clocks: Think Current, not Voltage
Arturo Mediano


Using Volume Conduction to Operate Passive RFID Tags on Metallic Implants
Xiaoyu Liu, Ravi Yalamanchili, Ajay Ogirala and Marlin Mickle

The Conjugate Match and Basic Matching Techniques
Gary Breed


High-Efficiency Advanced Multistage Doherty GaN HEMT Power Amplifiers
Andrei Grebennikov

Energy Efficient Transmitters Easier with Strong Nonlinearity
Earl McCune

The Characteristics and Causes of Phase Noise
Gary Breed


A New Generation of Aviation HF Receivers
Bob Lombardi

Closing the Loop on Reference Design Simulations
David Wright and Larry Dunleavy

Understanding the Magic Tee / 0° Hybrid Combiner / Divider
Gary Breed


High Frequency Electronics


Retrofitting Existing C4ISR Components with Modular Wiring Harnesses (p.22)
Robert Grzib

Illumination and Spillover Efficiency Calculations for Rectangular Reflectarray Antennas (p.28)
Michal Zebrowski


Wireless Sensors without Batteries
Ali Abedi

Benefits of Mixed Dielectrics When Used for High-Frequency PCB Applications
John Coonrod

The Potential of RF Energy for the Ignition of Microplasmas
Klaus Werner, Prof. H. Heuerman, and Dr. A Sadeghfam


Linear Power Amplifiers for Point-to-Point Radio Applications
Sushil Kumar, Kent Story, Ron Kielmeyer, Tari Lodhi, and Ian Hardcastle, mmW Solutions Team, RFMD

Successful Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) Design Using Discrete Components (p.22)
Sonoko Akamatsu, Scott Muir, and Larry Dunleavy


Wideband Spectral Measurement Using Time-Gated Acquisition Implemented on a User-Programmable FPGA
Raajit Lall, Abhishek Rao, Sandeep Hari, and Vinay Kumar

RF Component Integration-Saving Space in High Performance Applications
Ashraf Elghamrawl and Eamon Nash


High Frequency PCB Probing with Fixture Removal for Multi-Port Devices
Heidi Barnes, Jose Moreira, Mike Resso, and Robert Schaefer

Satellite Data Transmitting Systems and In-Orbit Performance
D.V. Ramana and Jolie R.


MIMO Receivers Demand High-Performance Dual Passive Mixers
Bill Beckwith, Xudong Wang, and Tom Schlitz

JESD204B PHY Layer Compliance Test
Maury Wood, Scott Ferguson, and Joe Evangelista


DDS Devices Generate High-Purity Waveforms Simply, Efficiently, and Flexibly
Brendan Cronin

Web-Based Video Radar Systems Courses to be Offered by IEEE New Hampshire Section and IEEE Aerospace and Electronics Systems Society
Dr. Robert O'Donnell and Tom Perkins


Design and Digital Linearization of a High Efficiency Variable Conduction Angle Doherty Amplifier
Sami Bousnina

Basic Electromagnetics Trued and Cleared for All to See
W. Scott Bennett


A High Bit Rate Miniaturized QPSK Modulator for Satellite Data Transmission
D.V. Ramana and Jolie R.

iSCISM: Interference Sensing and Coexistence in the ISM Band
Joe Baylon, Ethan Elenberg, Samantha Massengill


Software Finds, Identifies, and Analyzes Signals in Long-Term "Spectral Haystack"
Ray Swanson

Passive Millimeter-Wave Imaging for Security
Dr. Tom Williams


New Components Call for a Hardware Comparison of Receiver Architectures
Todd Nelson

Non-Resonant Slotted Waveguide Antenna Design Method: Inclusive Internal and External Electromagnetic Mutual Coupling Between Slots
Michael Grabowski


PSK Modulators for Data Transmission from Space to Ground (p.24)
Jolie R. and D.V. Ramana

Comprehensible Electromagnetics for Comprehensive Engineering
W. Scott Bennett, Ph.D.


Microwave Journal


A Four-Element "Clover" Transceiver Array for 3 Tesla Cardiac MRI
Shumin Wang, Hai Lu, and C.J. Reddy

Ultra Low Noise Amplifiers Improve Cell Coverage and Reduce Costs
Paul Mattheijssen

A 5G Wireless Communications Vision
Gerhard P. Fettweis


Taming the Smartphone Power Consumption Vicious Cycle
Mathew Hubbard, RFMD

Recovery Time of the Schottky-PIN Limiter
Chin Leong Lim

Carrier Aggregation: A Key Enabler for LTE-Advanced
Andreas Roessler and Sandra Merkel

E/D GaAs PHEMT Core Chips for Electronically Steerable Antennas
F. Robert, R. Leblanc, J. Moron, A. Gasmi, N. Santos and M. Rocchi

Design of Miniature RF Transceivers for Broadband MIMO Systems in Ku-Band
Zhe Chen, Wei Hong, Jianyi Zhou, Jixin Chen and Chen Yu

A Cascaded Triplet SIW Bandpass Filter
Guang Yang, Wei Liu, Falin Liu, and Sheng Zhang


Maximizing Receiver Dynamic Range for Spectrum Monitoring
Brian Avenell

New Tile Structure for Microwave Modules Using Solderless Vertical Interconnections
Ju-Young Moon, Sang-Won Yun, Chang-Soo Ahn, and Seon-Joo Kim

Design of a Passive, Broadband Equalizer for a SLED
Chris Brinton, Matthew Wharton and Allen Katz

A Low-Power Multi-Channel UWB Single Chip Transceiver with Pulse Detectors
Caixia Chen, Manh Anh Do, Kiat Seng Yeo, Chirn Chye Boon and Wei Meng Lim

Design of a Compact Bandpass Filter with Capacity Loaded Ridged Waveguide
Xianrong Zhang, Qingyuan Wang, Jinhua Cao and Anj Peng

LTE Downlink Transmitter Simulation Using MATLAB
Jacek Pierzchlewski and Torben Larsen


Simplified Power Handling Analysis of Microwave Filters
Morten Hagensen, Guided Wave Technology ApS and Anders Edquist

Harmonic Suppression of Edge Coupled Filters Using Composite Substrates
John Coonrod

An Input Matching Network Without Gain Trade-Off for a CMOS LNA
Thi Thu Nga Tran, Chirn Chye Boon, Manh Anh Do and Kiat Seng Yeo

Ultra-Wideband Nonlinear Modeling of W-Band Schottky Diodes
Jiang Liu, Hugo Morales, Thomas Weller, Larry Dunleavy, and Gerhard Schoenthal

Compact UWB Antennas with Dual Band-Notched Characteristics
Bing Li and Jing-Song Hong


Wireless Sensor Network Challenges and Solutions
Lance Doherty, Jonathan Simon and Thomas Watteyne

Antennas, the mmWave Advantage
Christer Stoij

Tackling Satellite Interference
Martin Coleman


Comparing Microstrip and CPW Performance
John Coonrod and Brian Rautio

The 3D Smith Chart and Its Practical Applications
Andrei Müller, Dan C. Dascalu, Pablo Soto, and Vicente E. Boria

Testing Radar and EW Systems for the Real-World
Dingqing LU

Expert Tips, Tricks and Techniques


GaN Powers High Speed Wireline Networks
Kellie Chong, RFMD

A Center-Tapped CRLH ZOR UWB Bandpass Filter with Improved Stopband
Sungtek Kahng and Dongjin Lim

Practical Integrated Passive Device Technology on GaAs
Cong Wang, Won-Sang Lee and Nam-Young Kim

Techniques for Time Sidelobe Measurements with Pulse Compression Radar
John Hansen

Cold Cathode Magnetrons: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow
M.N. Zybin


Techniques for Improving Noise and Spurious in PLLs
Eric Drucker

Improved Linearity Doherty Amplifier Using Tunable Offset Line
Shiwei Zhao, Zongxi Tang and Ping Su

Global Navigation Satellite Systems and Their Applications
Rachid El Assir

Non-Uniform Defected Microstrip Structure Lowpass Filter
Jian-Kang Xiao, and Wen-Jun Zhu

Cost Effective High Power E- and W-Band Amplifier MMICs
Jim Mayock

Compact UHF Fifth Order Bandpass Filter Using Cascaded Triplet CRLH-ZORs
Boram Lee and Sungtek Kahng

Quarter Substrate Integrated Waveguide Resonator Applied to Fractal-Shaped BPFs
Sheng Zhang, Tian-Jian Bian, Yao Zhai, Wei Liu, Guang Yang and Fa-Lin Liu


Being 75 Still Young: The Doherty Power Amplifier
R. Giofre, L. Piazzon, P. Colantonio and F. Giannini

Compact Microstrip Lowpass Filter with Wide Stopband and High Attenuation
Mohsen Hayati, Sohrab Majidifar and Omid Sadeghi Fathabadi

Integrated SAW Broadband Antenna for WLAN/WiMAX
I-Tseng Tang


Tackling MIMO Design and Test Challenges for 802.11ac WLAN
Greg Jue, Agilent Technologies Inc.

Compact Antenna for MIMO LTE Mobile Phone Applications
Gopinath Gampala, C.J. Reddy, Oliver Stabler and Thomas Hager

A Miniaturized Multiple Coupled Line Power Divider Employing an R-C-R Isolation Circuit
Young Yun

Compact Lowpass Filter with Wide Stopband Using a Tapered Microstrip Resonator Cell
Yasin Yousefzadeh and Mohsen Hayati

Compact Transistor Models: The Roadmap to First Pass Amplifier Design Success
Tony Gasseling

Optimization of a Waveguide-Backed Slot Antenna Array
Vladimir Veremey and John Dunn, AWR Corp., and Alexander Sulima


RF Characteristics of a Short Wavelength Comb-Type Capacitive Transmission Line on MMICs
Jang-Hyeon Jeong, Young Yun, Hong-Seung Kim, Nat-Won Jang, and Yunju Baek

Proper Stack-Up in a Multilayer PCB to Reduce Noise Coupling and Improve EMI
Antonio Ciccomancini Scogna and Jianmin Zhang

MIMO Beamforming and Its Impact on Testing TD-LTE
Kang Chen

Square Coaxial Lines and Materials Measurements
Nickander J. Damaskos, Benuel J. Kelsall and James E. Powell, Jr.


A Dual-band 3 dB Coupled Line Tandem Hybrid Coupler
Alex D. Lapidus

Ultra-Compact On-Chip RF Divider Circuit Employs a PAGS Structure
Jeong-Gab Ju, Young Yun, Young-Bae Park and Suk-Youb Kang

Advances in Radar Simulation Design
Lawrence Williams, Matthew Commens and Steve Rousselle

The Importance of Peak Power Measurements for Radar Systems
Bob Muro, Wireless Telecom Group

Double Notched Bandpass Filter Achieves UWB Performance


Microwaves & RF


SIW Filter Screens Narrow Bandwidth
Ali Frotanpour, Ali Foudazi, and Leila Mohammadi

UWB Antenna Adds Two Notches
Rezaul Azim, Mohammad Tariqul Islam, J.S. Mandeep, Norbahiah Misran, and Ahmed Toaha Mobashsher

Design Distributed MMIC Amplifiers
John E. Penn

Understand Uncertainty for Better Test Accuracy
Antonio Castro


Move from Microstrip to Wide Slotline
Peng Fei, Yong-Changjiao, Yang Ding, Fu-Shun Zhang

CMOS LNA Serves Flat Gain to 5 GHz
Wang Wei and Zhao Ying Gong

Phased Array Antenna Receives 4G Networks
Ioannis Petropoulos, Nikos Athanasopoulos, Konstantinos Voudouris, Raed A. Abd-Alhameed, and Steve M.R. Jones


Optimize OFDM Via Phase-Noise Injection
Ben Zarlingo

Antenna Aims at Dual Bands
Feng-Chao Ren, Fu-Sgun Zhang, Jian-Hui Bao, Qiu-Yan Zhou, and Yong-Chang Jiao

Tracking Trends in Wireless Infrastructure
Jack Browne

X-Band Antenna Arrays Enrich RHCP

Couplers Channel High Power to 4 GHz

Measuring Power on RF/Microwave Signals
Jack Browne

Preparing RF/MW Parts for Space
Jack Browne

Demystify Integrated-Phase-Deviation Results in Phase-Noise Measurements
Bob Nelson


Design a Double-Layer Shield
Run Xiong, Bin Chen, Bihua Zhou, and Yunfei Mao

Building More Efficient Amps
Jack Browne

CRLH, DCRLH Cells Create Novel Prototype
Tong Xu, KeLu, Bin-Feng Zong, and Bao-Jun Song

Materials Pave Way to Military Advances
Jack Browne

Appraising Different Load-Pull Approaches
Focus Microwaves


AsAssessing Different Ultranarrowband Formats
Shikai Zhang

Become Familiar with the Basics of Fading

Aiming for Higher Amplifier Efficiency
Jack Browne

Optimize Signal/Spectrum Analyzer Throughput for High-Volume Manufacturing Test
Bob Nelson

CMOS Models Transistor Distortion
Ali Abuelma'atti, Iain Thayne, and Muhammad Taher Abuelma'atti

Fractal Antenna Aims at 2.9 to 14.6 GHz
I. Srikanth and Raj Kumar

Dual-Band Coupler Links with CRLH Lines
Kang Wei, Wang Hui, Yang Guo, Miao Chen, and Wu Wen

Ceramic Substrate Shrinks Patch Antenna
M. Habib Ullah, M.T. Islam, and J.S. Mandeep

Modulator Manages High-Speed Data
Sdr. D. Venkata Ramana and Jolie R.

Get a Solid Grasp of IEEE 802.11ad

60-GHz Helical Array Relies on LTCC

Waveguide-Based Mixer Excels in Terahertz Range

Quadrature LO Spans 5 to 10 GHz

Is an Oscillator Upgrade on the Horizon?

Conquer Phase Noise and Jitter in Frequency Standards


SISIR Cells Support UWB Lowpass Filter
Milad Mirzaee

CRLH-TLs Help Miniaturize PCBs

Reflector Connects 18.7-GHz Backhauls

Novel LNA Cuts Noise, Not Gain

SS Method Employs Novel Encryption


Match Mixers to BTS LTE Receivers
Dan Terlep

Navigating Multilayer Microwave PCB Tradeoffs
John Coonrod

Predict PLL Reference Spurs

Wireless System Assists Libraries

Low-Power Mixer Hits High Intercept

SIW And CDGS Combine For BPF

Optimizing PLL Performance Levels Part 2

SCRLH Resonators Power UWB Divider


Optimizing PLL Performance Levels

Sorting Through EM Simulators
Dave Morris

Two-Horn Antenna Aims at UWB Use

Design a CDBA in 0.18-µm CMOS

Resonators Support UHF MRI Systems


UWB Lowpass Filter Features Wide Stopband
Milad Mirzaee

Fabricating HF Opamp Filters
Tim Daughters

Tackling Multi-Bit Attenuator Designs

Compare Compact UHF Antennas

LTE Front End Scans Three Bands

Synthesizer Serves MB-OFDM UWB

CPW Antenna Aims At UWB Applications


Compensating for DGS Filter Loss
Dr. Eng. Ahmed

Current Reuse Enhances UWB LNA

CMOS Yields UHF RFID Transmitter

Assemble a Compact UWB Printed Monopole

Tiny UWB Antenna Notches Two Bands

Filter's Multiple TZs Afford Flexible Tuning

C-Shaped Slot Serves UWB Antenna


Broadside Coupler Channels 1 to 10 GHz

Bandpass Filters Feature Dual Bands

PredPredict Mixer Noise Behavior
Roy Monzello

Microwave Product Digest


Shifting Signal Analysis into High Gear with Multiple Simultaneous Measurements
Abhishek Shukla

Emerging RF Technologies for Smartphones and Connected Devices
Ben Thomas, RFMD

Why Test Instrument Frequency Range Matters When Conducting Signal Integrity Measurements
Bob Buxton

Freescale Unleashes New RF Power Transistors for a Wide Array of Applications
Freescale Semiconductor

Just Under the Radar: Where Does It Go From Here?
Bob Pinato, MPD Editorial Advisor

Spectrum Analyzers Continue to Advance
Frost & Sullivan


Hittite Introduces New 3.3V Wideband PLL with Integrated VCO
Hittite Microwave Corporation

Cobham Antenna Systems, Microwave Antennas Develops New Multi-Beam Hub Base Station Antenna for Ultra Fast MIMO
Cobham Antenna Systems

User Defined Functions Enhance the Power and Flexibility of Design and Simulation Software

Enabling Fast Characterization of PA Performance with Modulated Signals
Agilent Technologies

Freescale Unleashes New RF Power Transistors for a Wide Array of Applications
Freescale Semiconductor

Why Wireless Millimeter Wave Radios Will Fuel the Coming Microcell Boom
Renaissance Electronics


Highly Integrated Transceiver Chipset Solution Enables Low-Cost 60 GHz Radio Applications
Hittite Microwave

Noise Immunity – A Mandatory Design Aspect for Integrated Circuits and Systems
Wireless Telecom Group

Optical Extenders Replace Coax in VNA Tests Over Distances Up to 1 Km
Steve McCoy

JuJust Under the Radar: The Human Factor
Bob Pinato

Power Amplifier Gain Compression Measurements
Giga-tronics Incorporated

GaN: The Technology of Choice for Next Generation Advanced Radar Systems
Integra Technologies, Inc.

High Temperature, High Power RF Life Testing of GaN on SiC RF Power Transistors
M/A-COM Technology Solutions RF Power Products Group


Integrated Low Noise Multi-Chip Amplifier Modules
Stephen Moreschi and Ambarish Roy, Skyworks Solutions, Inc.

Wide Bandwidth Measurement Techniques for 802.11ac WLAN Devices
David Asquith

Best Practices for Making the Most Accurate Wireless and Radar Pulse Measurements
Sook Hua Wong and Sean Lee

VNA System Brings Noise Figure Measurement Capability to 125 GHz
Steve Reyes

Minimizing PIM Generation from RF Cables and Connectors
Fred Hull


Can't RF and Mixed Signal Components Just Get Along? Overcoming the Challenge of RF Level Planning that Incorporates Mixed Signal Components
Eamon Nash, Analog Devices, Inc.

The Forgotten, Unsexy Enabling Technology — Passives
Bob Pinato

Compact, High Isolation, Low Loss VHF Diplexer
R&D Microwaves, LLC

The Advantages of Outsourcing Your RF/Microwave Assembly to an Onshore Contractor - Understanding the Subtle—and Not So Subtle—Costs of Going Overseas

Spectro-X RF Signal Analysis Software Speeds Identification of Interferers
X-COM Systems


AWR's Visual System Simulator Co-Simulates with NI's LabVIEW for Enhanced Signal Processing Capabilities
Gent Paparisto, Ph.D., AWR Corporation

Powerful Optical Modulator Driver Family for Metro and Long Haul 40G/100G Applications
Hittite Microwave

Is There a Comparable Consumer Demand and Market to USA?
Bob Pinato

LDMOS Devices Set New Standards for Performance for Public Safety Radios
David Lester

Integrated Low-Noise Amplifiers Set New Noise Figure Benchmarks
TriQuint Semiconductor

IF Matrix Switch for the Yebes 40 Meter Radio Telescope Receiver Room
David Cuadrado-Calle and  José Antonio López-Pérez


New Low Insertion Loss Circulator
Dave Cruickshank and Brian Hartnett, Skyworks Solutions, Inc.

AWR 2011 Design Suite Delivers More Than 300 New Features

Characterizing Radar Interference Immunity
Bob Muro, Wireless Telecom Group

Laboratory Design Validation Testing (DVT) of Electronic Counter Measure (ECM) Systems Using Stimulus-Response Techniques
Mike McKinley

New Techniques Simplify Military Frequency-Converter Characterization
David Ballo

Next Generation Passives for Defense Electronics
Chris Reynolds

TWTAs, MPMs Continue Upward Performance Climb
Fred Ortiz

Connectors Offer Durability, Superior Functionality and Practical Application for the Modern Military
David Impett


Microwave Transmission Line Considerations for Vehicle Applications
Times Microwave

RF/Microwave Connectors for Military Telecommunications
Ted Worroll

Gigabit Wireless LAN? Why We Need 802.11ac and What It Means for Design and Test
Mirin Lew

48-V LDMOS FET is First High-Voltage RF Power Transistor for GSM Base Stations Housed in Over-Molded Plastic Industry-Standard Package
Enver Krvavac, Agni Mitra, David Burdeaux, and Antoine Rabany

Application and Theory of Dielectric Materials in RF/Microwave Systemsbr>Paul Dixon

Miniature Surface Mount Ferrite Devices for High Reliability Applications

Freescale Adds New MMIC, FET


Microwave Transmission Line Considerations for Vehicle Applications
Times Microwave

RF/Microwave Connectors for Military Telecommunications
Ted Worroll, ITT Interconnect Solutions

Gigabit Wireless LAN? Why We Need 802.11ac and What It Means for Design and Test
Mirin Lew, Agilent Technologies

Freescale Adds New MMIC, FET
Freescale Semiconductor

Application and Theory of Dielectric Materials in RF/Microwave Systems
Paul Dixon, Emerson & Cuming Microwave Products

Miniature Surface Mount Ferrite Devices for High Reliability Applications
Anuj Srivastava and Edul Batliwala, Renaissance Electronics Corporation

48-V LDMOS FET is First High-Voltage RF Power Transistor for GSM Base Stations Housed in Over-Molded Plastic Industry-Standard Package
Enver Krvavac, Agni Mitra, David Burdeaux, and Antoine Rabany, Freescale Semiconductor


Hittite's Broadband Time Delays Deliver High Performance Clock & Data Alignment Solutions
Hittite Microwave Corporation

High Performance Front End Modules for Zigbee Applications
Jervais Seegars, Senior Applications Engineer, RFMD®

50 W High Power Silicon PIN Diode SPDT Switch
Rick Puente, Skyworks Solutions, Inc.

Assemblies Minimize Passive Intermodulation (PIM)
Fred Hull


MoModern Signals Require a Modern Approach to Spectrum Monitoring and Emitter Location
I.C. Tillman and Raymond Shen

GaAs and GaN MMIC Power Amplifiers Support Military and Test Applications to 48 GHz
Hittite Microwave

Joint Tactical Radio System: A New Standard in Voice and Data Communication Capabilities for Defense & Aerospace
Mark Vitellaro

Four-Channel Vector Signal Generator Speeds MIMO Testing
Ray Swanson


Test & Measurement World


Plug-n-Play Access and Control of Embedded IP
Ron Press

How to Debug Embedded Systems
Ilias Alexopoulos


How to Automate Testing of Military Avionics Devices
William Wargo

Modular Instruments – Do They Have Any Limitations?
Larry Desjardin

Playing with Antennas - Part 2
Kenneth Wyatt

Finding Fault with Traditional Test Pattern Types
Ron Press

Selecting a Handheld RF Analyzer for Tough Conditions
Wilkie Yu

How Optical Sensing Solves the Toughest Sensing Challenges
Kellis Garret

Use a PXIe Vector Signal Generator to Increase Throughput in Amplifier Testing
Mike Millhaem


Need for Wi-Fi Test Equipment on the Rise
Olga Yashkova

DIY Low-Cost ESD Detector
Kenneth Wyatt

Improve Metrology for Sapphire Substrates Used in LED Production
Matt Novak, Bruker Nano

What's Up with USB in Test Systems?
Larry Desjardin

Product How To: Integrate and Debug RFID
Alan Wolke

Reduce Power Consumption in Portable Test Instruments
ClClarence Mayott & Todd Nelson

ESD-Caused Fires
Kenneth Wyatt

Test Highway to the Danger Zone
Larry Desjardin


How to Test High-Speed Memory with Non-Intrusive Embedded Instruments, Part 1
Alfred Crouch

Hardware Elements of Integrating a PXI System
Larry Desjardin


Electrical Testing to Detect Counterfeit Components
Joseph Federico

Sharpen Rising and Falling Edges
Steve Sandler

Troubleshoot Low-Voltage Measurement Problems
Dale Cigoy

Get USB Instrument Data Without Programming
Andy Purcell

How to Measure Electrical Power
Bill Gatheridge

Test Method Improves PWB Reliability
Paul Reid

A T&M View of the Higgs Boson Discovery: Pt 3, What They Actually Measure
Ransom Stephens



Debugging Automotive Serial Buses: CAN, LIN and FlexRay Exposed
Gregory Davis

Design Enclosures to Meet EMC Requirements
Donald L. Sweeney

Arduino, the Microcontroller Opens Up
Casey Hare

Harnessing Test Emissions
Janine Love

Getting 1000x Test Compression During Wafer Test
Ron Press

Testing E911: What You Need to Know Now
Brock Butler and Susan Ahimovic

Single-Unit Switch/Transducer Monitors High AC Loads
Martin Rowe

How to Measure High-Frequency Signals Over Multiple Channels
Yves Maumary and Jean Manuel Dassonville


Low Distortion Oscillator Tests Measurement Circuits
Vojtěch Janásek

Build a Circuit to Test ADCs

Understand Key ADC Specs
Martin Rowe

On-Chip Frequency Measurements Reduce Test Time
Surbhi Bansal and Sameer Saran

Introduction to IEEE 802.11ac Manufacturing Test Requirements
Robin Irwin


Testing Aircraft AFDX Systems
William D. Wargo and Joachim Schuler

Avoid a Common S-Parameter Problem
Eric Bogatin and Alan Blankman

Improve Production Test of High-Speed RF Components
Peter Sarson

Oscilloscope Memory Depth: When Bigger is not Always Better
Richard Markley

Article Series Explains Op-Amp Measurements
Martin Rowe

High-Temperature Effects on Wafer Probing
Darren James, Marcel Bleyl, and Jan Martens


String 'Em Up!
Brad Thompson

Find Out Why LCDs Fail
Mark Woolley and Jae Choi

Design Test Software for Platform Independence
Rob Marquardt

Bridge Software and Hardware to Accelerate SoC Validation
Brad Quinton

Optimize Digital Patterns for Worst-Case Testing
Martin Rowe


Weighing-Scale Design: Measure Signals Accurately
Kannan Sadasivam and Sachin Gupta

Test MIMO Wi-Fi and LTE Radios Over the Air
Fanny Mlinarsky

Get the Basics of ADCs
Martin Rowe

Wireless Temperature Monitor has Datalogging Capabilities
Tom Au-Yeung and Wilson Tang

A New Face
Martin Rowe


Circuit Measures Optocoupler's Response Time
Peter Demchenko

Standards Define Test Impulses, Mostly
Jeff Lind

Microcontroller Circuit Calibrates Current Loops
Abdulkadir Çakır, Fırat Yücel, and Hakan Çalış

Tips for Testing MIMO, LTE, and 802.11ac Devices
Martin Rowe

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