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Kirt Blattenberger - RF Cafe Webmaster

Copyright: 1996 - 2024
    Kirt Blattenberger,


RF Cafe began life in 1996 as "RF Tools" in an AOL screen name web space totaling 2 MB. Its primary purpose was to provide me with ready access to commonly needed formulas and reference material while performing my work as an RF system and circuit design engineer. The World Wide Web (Internet) was largely an unknown entity at the time and bandwidth was a scarce commodity. Dial-up modems blazed along at 14.4 kbps while typing up your telephone line, and a nice lady's voice announced "You've Got Mail" when a new message arrived...

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RF & Microwave Magazine Article Archive - 2010

If you are like me, you spend a lot of time reading articles from technical magazines. Sometimes I read the entire article, but usually I just scan the text for highlights and look at the schematics, block diagrams, and charts / graphs. Often, I want to go back and find an article but cannot recall where I saw it. A Google search will usually eventually reveal a hyperlink to the article, but a lot of times it takes a lot of digging. Since my key interests are not necessarily the same as RF Cafe visitors, an attempt will be made to catalog all of them. If there is a magazine not included here that you would like me to include in the list, please send me an e-mail and I will try to incorporate its articles, too.

High Frequency Electronics | Microwave Journal | Microwaves & RF | Microwave Product Digest | Test & Measurement World

High Frequency Electronics


The Design and Test of a 600-Watt RF Laser Driver Using LDMOS Transistors
Richard W. Brounley

Appendix: VSWR Testing of RF Power Amplifiers to be Used in Driving Lasers (p.24)

Generalized Resistive Power Divider Design
Greg Adams

Inside the Microwave Connector: Materials and Construction
Gary Breed

Notes on Shannon's Theorem


Performing EM/Circuit Co-Simulation with Modified Standard Models
Luis M. Ledezma and Thomas M. Weller

High Frequency Circuit Materials with Increased Thermal Conductivity
John Coonrod and Allen F. Horn III

Fundamentals of Pulsed and Time-Gated Measurements
Gary Breed


A Multi-Channel Depth-Sounding Radar with an Improved Power Amplifier
Kevin Player, Lei Shi, Dr. Chris Allen, Dr. Carl Leuschen, Jon Ledford, Fernando Rodriguez-Morales, William Blake, Ben Panzer, and Dr. Sarah Seguin

Very Large System Design: Introduction and Report

Understanding EDGE Evolution and its Measurements
Ying Jiao

Comments on the Use of EM Solvers for Waveguide Feed Analysis
Ian Wood


10 to 50 Watt GaN Amplifiers for Military and Commercial Applications
Dan Cheadle, Sr.

Notes on the Selection Criteria for Coaxial Cable
Gary Breed

Design and Technology Tradeoffs in Passive RF and Microwave Integrated Circuits
Leo G. Maloratsky

Experiments in Pulse Communication with Filtered Sidebands
H. R. Walker

Return Loss, Reflection Coefficient and lS11l


Bluetooth Class-1 Modules with Low Power Consumption
Oleksandr Gorbachov

Simulations and Measurements of a Circular Waveguide Septum Feed
Jeffrey Pawlan and Rastislav Galuščák

Design Issues for Tower-Top Electronics and Remote Base Stations
Gary Breed

Transmission Line Notes from a Classic Text


Advances in Short-Range RF Transceivers Drive Link Robustness
Sebastien Lebreton

Simulations and Measurements of a Circular Waveguide Septum Feed
Jeffrey Pawlan and Rastislav Galuščák

Design Method for the Fastest Settling Type 2 Phase Lock Loop: Part 2
Akmarul Ariffin Bin Salleh

Signal Integrity Basics: Digital Signals on Transmission Lines
Gary Breed


An Analytic and Graphical Method for LNA Design with Feedback
Alan Victor and Jayesh Nath

Design Method for the Fastest Settling Type 2 Phase Lock Loop: Part 1
Akmarul Ariffin Bin Salleh

Power Amplifier Design Fundamentals: More Notes from the Pages of History
Andre Grebennikov

Getting Started with EDA Tools for EM Simulation and Analysis
Gary Breed

WAMICON "Best Paper" Renews Interest in Parametric Power Amplifiers (p.74)


Power Amplifier Design Fundamentals: More Notes from the Pages of History
Andrei Grebennikov

Design of a C-Band Image Reject Mixer as a GaAs MMIC
John E. Penn

Aircraft Structures Take Advantage of Energy Harvesting Implementations
Tony Armstrong

Electrically Tunable Switched-Line Diode Phase Shifters Part 2: Multi-Section Circuits
Leo G. Maloratsky

A Review of RF/Microwave Switching Technologies
Gary Breed


Electrically Tunable Switched Line Diode Phase Shifters Part 1: Design Procedure
Leo G. Maloratsky

LNA With a Bypass Mode Improves Overload Resistance for Mobile TV
Chin Leong Lim

RF System Design and Analysis Software Enhances RF Architectural Planning
Dale D. Henkes, Applied Computational Sciences (ACS)

L-Network Design Procedure


Minimizing Electromagnetic Interference When Powering Wireless Systems
Afshin Odabaee

Resources for Military, Space and Other High-Reliability Standards
Gary Breed

Design of a Microstrip Broadband LDMOS Class-E Power Amplifier
Yingjie Xu, Jingqui Wang, and Xiaowei Zhu

Notes on Shop-Made Test Accessories


Make Accurate Sub-1 dB Noise Figure Measurements Part 2: The Measurements
Eric Marsan, Skyworks Solutions, Inc.

Driving High-Speed ADCs in Wideband Applications
Marjorie Plisch

Selecting High Linearity MMIC Amplifiers for use with Complex Digital Waveforms
Ted Heil and Steve Crain

An Overview of Common Techniques for Power Amplifier Linearization
Gary Breed

Wall Penetration in Shielded Rooms
Leland Hemming


Make Accurate Sub-1 dB Noise Figure Measurements Part 1: Noise Concepts
Eric Marsan, Skyworks Solutions, Inc.

Overcoming the High Frequency Design Challenges of USB 3.0
Joseph Spisak

Link Distance Enhancement and Battery Current Savings in Wireless Systems
Oleksandr Gorbachov and Floyd Ashbaugh

Magnetic Materials in Transmission Line Transformers
Jerry Sevick


Microwave Journal


AFM-VNA Technique Enables Compound, Calibrated Electrical and Spatial Measurements at Nanoscale
Craig Wall

RF Driven Plasma Lighting: The Next Revolution in Light Sources
K. Werner and S. Theeuwen

A Miniaturized Multi-Section Transformer on Si RFIC for Low Impedance Transformation in UWB
Young Yun


A 470 to 960 MHz Resonant Antenna: Covering UHF Mobile TV, CDMA and GSM Without Tuning Circuits
Mohamed Sanad and Noha Hassan

Flatness Improvement for a Shunt-Peaked Ultra-wideband Low Noise Amplifier
H. García-Vázquez, Sunil L. Khemchandani, J. Arias-Pérez and J. del Pino

A Compact, Balanced Low Noise Amplifier for WiMAX Base Station Applications
J.S. Mandeep, H. Abdullah, and Nitesh Ram

Diamond Rf™ Resistives: The Answer to High Power and Low Capacitance
Mark Bailly


Effects of Single-Tone Spurious Responses on Signals in ESM Receivers
S.J. Caprio

Side Lobe Suppression of Printed Antenna Arrays for Integration with Microwave Circuits
A. Nešić, I. Radnovicć, Z. Mićić and S. Jovanović

Direct Plated Copper Metallized Substrate and Its Application on Microwave Circuits
Chien-Cheng Wei, Chin-Ta Fan, Ta-Hsiang Chiang, Ming-Kuen Chiu and Shao-Pin Ru

Analysis and Modeling of the Pads for RF CMOS Based on EM Simulation
J. Cheng, S. Li, B. Han and J. Gao, and X. Yao

Miniaturized Semi-Lumped UWB Bandpass Filter with Improved Out-of-Band Performances
D. Kaddour, J.D. Arnould and P. Ferrari

A 1.7 to 2.7 GHz Transmission Line GaN HEMT Power Amplifier for Wireless Applications
Andrei Grebennikov


Mixed-Signal Active Load Pull: The Fast Track to 3G and 4G Amplifiers
Mauro Marchetti

Active Mode-Couplings Enable High Frequency Fundamental VCXOs
Ulrich L. Rohde and Ajay K. Poddar

Planar Rhombic Arm Dipole Antenna with Parasitic Elements for Wireless Applications
Wen-Shan Chen and Yen-Hao Yu

Improved Linearity Performance of a PHEMT Driver Amplifier Using Tunable Field-Plate Voltage Technology
Chia-Shih Cheng, Hsien-Chin Chiu, Shao-Wei Lin and Jeffrey S. Fu

A UWB BPF Based on a Capacitively Coupled Cross Resonator
Thai Hoa Duong and Ihn S. Kim


Creating a Complex Multipath Environment Simulation in an Anechoic Chamber
Michael D. Foegelle

Embracing Complexity: MIMO Over-the-Air Testing with the Reverberation Chamber
Derek Skouse

Dynamic Correlation in Virtual Drive Testing
Madhu Gurumurth

Internal PIFA Performance Evaluations for a Satellite-Terrestrial Handset
Xiongwen Zhao


A Thin, Low-Profile Antenna Using a Novel High Impedance Ground Plane
Gopinath Gampala, Rohit Sammeta and C.J. Reddy

Design of Solid-State, Wideband, High-Power Microwave Amplifiers for Radiated Immunity Testing
N.D. du Toit, R. Thomas, J.H. Smith, F.N. Schirk and J.A. Mogel


New NanoSecond Switch Technology
Timothy Boles and Andrew Freeston

A Comparison Study of High-frequency Characteristics for Ball and Ribbon Bonding
Chien-Cheng Wei, Chin-Ta Fan, Ta-Hsiang Chiang, Ming-Kuen Chiu and Shao-Pin

Design of a Microstrip Open Loop Resonator BPF with Wide Stopband for WLAN
Xiao Qun Chen, Ling Xia Wang, Chang Yun Cui and Xiao Wei Shi

An Overlooked Class of N-Way Power Dividers Combining Resistive and Reactive Dividers
Harry Chapell


A Highly Linear Low Noise Amplifier
N. Logan, J.M. Noras and J.G. Gardiner

Multiport Power Amplifiers for Flexible Satellite Antennas and Payloads
Piero Angeletti and Marco Lisi

Bandwidth Improvement of a Single-Stage Distributed Amplifier
F. Amrani, M. Trabelsi and R. Aksas, and A. Azrar

A Dual-Band CPW-Fed Monopole Antenna for IMT-2000/WLAN
Wen-Chung Liu and Jiun-Kai Chen

Phase Locked Loop Systems Design for Wireless Infrastructure Applications
Jun Lee, Skyworks Solutions Inc.


Comparison of Two GaN Transistor Technologies in Broadband Power Amplifiers
S. Azam, C. Svenssonand, Q. Wahab, and R. Jonsson

Two-Arm Archimedean Spiral Helical Antenna with Wraparound Absorber
Sandeep Palreddy and Rudolf Cheung

Notch Implemented Dual Behavior Resonator Filter and Diplexer at Ku-band
K. Singh, K. Ngachenchaiah, D. Bhatnagar, and S. Pal

Narrowband Microwave Bandpass Filter Design by Coupling Matrix Synthesis
M. Hagensen, Guided Wave Technology ApS


Choosing the Optimal High Frequency Coaxial Cable
Bob Thiele and Stan Hardin

Comparison of VNA and TDR Measurement Uncertainty Using Coaxial Cables
Paul Pino

Coaxial Cable Power Handling
Raymond Schwartz and Peter Waltz

Ultra-Fast, Simpler and More Accurate Noise Parameter Measurements
Gary Simpson

Analysis and Design of the Doherty Amplifier Based on Class F and Inverse Class F Amplifiers
Xi Yao, S.C. Jung, M.S. Kim, J.H. Van, H. Cho, S.W. Kwon, J.H. Jeong, K.H. Lim, C.S. Park and Y. Yang, H.C. Park

A Small Printed Ultra-wideband Polygon-Like Wide-Slot Antenna with a Fork-Like Stub
Majid Razavi-Rad, Changiz Ghobadi, Javad Nourinia and Reza Zaker

Add Realism to Your Test Signals with RF Channel Simulators
Mark Lombardi


The Distances Chart: A New Approach to Spurs Calculation
José Luis Flores

Direction Matters: Including Substrate Anisotropy in Planar Circuit Design Flow
James Rautio, John Reynolds, and Allen F. Horn

Power Amplifier Module for Polar Modulation
Boris Aleiner

Setting Strategies for Planar Dividers/Combiners
Leo G. Maloratsky


Performance Improvement of Power Amplifiers Using an Asymmetrical Spurline Structure
Haiwen Liu and Fu Tong

A Compact, Omni-directional, Circularly Polarized Microstrip Antenna
Jian An, Guang-ming Wang, Chen-xin Zhang and Hui-yong Zeng

A Small Size, High Gain Antenna for Wireless Base Station Applications
Debatosh Guha, Yahia M.M. Antar, P. Béland and M. Roper

A Compact Planar Monopole Antenna for Ultra-Wideband Operation
Jinwoo Jung and Yeongseog Lim, and Hyeonjin Lee

Automating Radar Measurement Tasks Throughout the Lifecycle of a Radar System
Darren McCarthy


Microwaves & RF


Tiny Antenna Arms UWB Applications
Jie Jin and Fei Yu

Design a Stable 14-to-20-GHz Source
H. Ameri, A. Attaran and M. Moghavvemi

Design a SPDT Switch for WiMAX
C.C. Lim and Dr. J.S. Mandeep

Micromachined Microstrip Forms Bandstop Filters
Nasreddine Ben Ahmed, Nadia Benabdallah, Fethi Tarik Bendimerad, and Dr. Boumediene Benyoucef

Model PAs with Wideband Signals
Noureddine Boulejfen, Fadhel M. Ghannouchi, Ali Gharsallah, and Chunhua Chokri Jebali



Broadband Amp Slashes 1/f Noise
Mark Scott Logue

Model Surface Effects on Power Dissipation
Na Li, Changwu Xiong, and Fei Zheng

Synthesizers Meld Several Approaches
Steve Greendale

LNA Quiets 3.1 to 10.6 GHz
Shengqiang Guo, Jie Jin, and Chunhua Wang

Receivers, Caps Harvest RF Energy
Harry Ostaffe and Bharat Rawal


Evaluate Antenna Measurement Methods
John Hansen, and Vince Rodriguez

Folded Microstrip and DGS Shrink BPF
ChangJia Gao, Bei Liu, Xiao Wei Shi, Feng Wei, Hai Wei Zhang

Study Reliability of Radiated RFID Tags
K. A. Hilary, and Dr. J.S. Mandeep

Tracking the Growth of RFID Technology
Jack Browne

Design a B3G Receiver Front End
Yuannian Qin, Echun Tian, Yiyu-Zhan, Feng Zhao, and Wuzhong Zhou


Multi-Paction Tests Run at High Power
Howard Salvesen

Analyze IMD-Causing Frequency Components
Muhammad Taher Abuelma'atti, Ali Abuelmaatti, and Iain Thayne

Strategies for Planar Directional Couplers, Part 2
Leo G. Maloratsky

RF Switches Guide Signals in Smart Phones
Kevin Walsh

Triangular Patch Resonates BPF
H.F. Huangn and J.K. Xiao


Measuring MIMO in LTE Tx and Rx Tests
Janine Whitacre

High-Speed DACs Ease Transmitter Designs
Ajay Kuckreja and Geir Ostrem

Mach-Zehnder Modulators Serve Radio Over Fiber
Muhammad Taher Abuelma'atti

Strategies for Planar Directional Couplers, Part 1
Leo G. Maloratsky

Hilbert Fractal Curves Form Compact Diplexer

UWB Antenna Stops Two Bands
Tan Chiy How, T.C. Ling, and Dr. J.S. Mandeep


X-Parameters Aid MMIC Design
Jack Sifri

Reviewing Avionics Antenna Modules, Part 2
Leo G. Maloratsky

Modeling PA Behavior and Memory Effects, Part 2
Ghalid Idir Abib, Eric Bergeault, Ali Gharsallah, and Chunhua Chokri Jebali

Wideband Limiter Fits SOT-323 Pack
Chin-Leong Lim

Form Microstrip Couplers with Shielded Membranes
Nasreddine Ben Ahmed , Nadia Benabdallah, and Fethi Tarik Bendimerad

Front End Fits SDR Picocells
Wei Hong, Shilei Jin, Yanwei Wang, Teng Zhao, and Jian Yi Zhou


Check Chirp Effects on FMCW GPRs
Roslee Mardeni and M.M. Shafiei

Reviewing Avionics Antenna Modules, Part 1
Leo G. Maloratsky

Modeling PA Behavior and Memory Effects, Part 1
Ghalid Idir Abib, Eric Bergeault, Ali Gharsallah, and Chunhua Chokri Jebali

Microstrip Approach Benefits Quad Splitter
Chen-Xin, Zhang Yong Hu, Guang-Ming Wang, and He-Xiu Xu

Design an X-Band Frequency Synthesizer
H. Ameri, A. Attaran, and M. Moghavvemi


Taming Temperature in High-Power PIN Switches
Michael Hebert

Antenna Assists MW Power Transmission
Dr. A. Kumar

Low-Power TIA Tunes Gain at 2.4 GHz
Jie Jin, Chunhua Wang, and Fei Yu

Design Diversity RFID Systems
Ronald A. Marino

Tiny Ring Hybrid Suppresses Harmonics
Dr. Hee-Yong Hwang, and Hong-Seop Lee


PIN Switch Protects LNA from Overloads
Chin-Leong Lim

Design MMICs on a Budget
John E. Penn

Forecast Rain Effects on Microwave Links, Part 2
Dr. John Howard

Wilkinson Divider Powers TV Transmitters
Antonio T. De Carvalho, Jose De Souza Lima, Vanessa B. S. Lima, Daniel D. Silveira, and Mauricio Silveira

Patch Array Antenna Serves Satcom Needs
H. Abdullah, Tan Chiy How, Dr. J.S. Mandeep, and N. Misran

Active Inductors Tune Low-Noise VCOs
Ulrich L. Rohde and Ajay Kumar Poddar


Tune Out Spurious in Dual-Mode BPFs
Wei Hong, Wei Kang, Lei Zhang, and Jian Yi Zhou

Analyze Phase Noise in a Sampled PLL (Part 3)
Peter Beeson

Image-Reject Mixer Arms Direct-Conversion Receivers
J.G. Gardiner, Nandi Logan, J.M. Noras

Forecast Rain Effects on Microwave Links
Dr. John Howard

Semiconductors Simplify Direct-Conversion Design
Cecile Masse


Low-Power LNA Drops Noise at 2.4 GHz
Baimei Liu, Chunhua Wang

Analyze Phase Noise in a Sampled PLL (Part 2)
Peter Beeson

Match the Ports of Differential Devices
Stephane Wloczysiak

Optimize Class E Power Amplifiers
Gayle Collins, Sarmud Musa, and John Wood


System Performs FM Radio Drive Testing
David Brace, Dominique Fortin, and Hans Troemel

Analyze Phase Noise in a Sampled PLL, Part 1
Peter Beeson

Match Loop Antennas Via Mutual Inductance
Alan Bensky

Dissect PA Distortion from OFDM Signals
Jose De Souza Lima, Daniel D. Silveira, and Mauricio Silveira


Microwave Product Digest


Cavity Filters and 4G: Something Old for Something New
Sam Benzacar, President, Anatech Electronics

View From the Top - RFIC Solutions
Sanjay Moghe CE

View From the Top - Skyworks Solutions, Inc.
David J. Aldrich President/CEO


Aeroflex CS9000 Broadband Signal System Brings True Modularity to Advanced Testing
Mark Prichard

Back to the Future with Advanced Signal Analyzer Displays
Ben Zarlingo

Signal Coverage Mapping Capability in Handheld Instruments Brings Greater Measurement Confidence to the Field
Mark Heimbach

Filters for High Frequency Systems
Ron Demcko

Meeting the Dramatically Higher Computational Demands of 3G/4G/LTE Base Stations
Alan Taylor


Defining a New Methodology for Radar System Design
Daren McClearnon

High-Performance, High-Voltage Phase-Locked Loops
Austin Harney, Analog Devices

Microwave Transmitters Rise to Radar Systems' High-Power Challenge
Meppalli Shandas

Wideband Low Noise Amplifiers for 3.3 Volt Operation
Darrin Walraven, RFMD

Miniaturize Microwave Power Amplifiers by Means of PCB Materials Selection
John Coonrod

RF Application Trends in the Next Decade
Gregory L. Waters, Skyworks Solutions, Inc.

A New Concept in Frequency Synthesis
Vitaly Koslov


Ceramic Chip Antennas vs. PCB Trace Antennas: A Comparison
Jouni Lifländer

A Comparison of Measurement Uncertainty in Vector Network Analyzers and Time Domain Reflectometers
Paul Pino


USB 3.0: Shaking Up the Status Quo
Jim Choate

Improving Test Efficiency on the Production Line
Hiroshi Goto

Millimeter Wave Near-Field Antenna Testing
Daniël Janse van Rensburg

New Phase Noise Measurement Techniques and Ultra-Low Noise SAW Oscillators
Guillaume De Giovanni and Michel CHOMIKI

New SMP-MAX Connector Eases Board-to-Board Mating
Vincent Bonnassieux

Lightning Protection Guidelines for Equipment Connected to an Antenna Feeder Cable or Waveguide
Ken R. Rand


Precision Laser Trimmable Resistors
Kevin D. Christian

Switched Filter Banks Provide Unique Filtering Solution for Defense Applications
Narda Microwave-East

Managing the Supply Chain: Options for Safe Sourcing of End-of-Life Semiconductors
George Karalias

Synchronous Ethernet Timing Solutions. With Narrow Loop Bandwidth and Ultra Low Output Jitter
Param Nampoothiri


ISM Band Transceivers: Enabling the Wireless Link for a Diverse Range of Applications
Analog Devices

Comparing Spectral Purity in Microwave Signal Generators
Leonard Dickstein

Isolator & Circulator Basics
MECA Electronics, Inc.


The Latest Spectrum Analyzer Family from Aeroflex Sets New Standards in Performance, Features, and Cost
David Asquith

Radar Pulse Stability Measurement Using a Multichannel Oscilloscope
John Barfuss

Understanding Filter Types and Their Characteristics
Sam Benzacar, Anatech Electronics

Trends in Military Communication Systems
Chris Heavens

Low Inductance Capacitors Used in Mil – ASIC Decoupling
Ron Demcko and Andy Ritter

Understanding New Methods for Nonlinear Device Characterization
Malcolm Edwards, AWR Corporation

RFMD's RF2051 Offers Higher Levels of Integration for Diversity Radios
Mark Moffat and Thomas Eichhorst, RFMD®

Countering the Counterfeiting of End-of-Life Semiconductors
George Karalias

Increasing the Maximum Transmit Power Rating of a Power Amplifier Using a Power Combining Technique
Tom Valencia and Stephane Wloczysiak, Skyworks Solutions, Inc.


Compact RF Power Amplifiers Exploit Full Potential of GaN
BC Systems

Moore's Law and the Path to LTE
Jan Whitacre

Integrating Measurement Data into the Communications System Design Process
Joel Kirshman, AWR Corporation

LDMOS Amplifiers Exceed 50% Efficiency in W-CDMA Doherty Applications
Leonard Pelletier

Heralds of the New Backhaul Technologies
John McNicol


Advances in Plastic Surface Mount Silicon and GaAs Schottky Diodes for High Frequency Detectors and Mixers
James L. Godbout and Rockford C. Curby

A Brief History of QMAs
David Zhou and Gregg Pollack

EMI and RFI Susceptibility: Breaking Down EMI/RFI Filters
Scott Harris

LDMOS FETs Take On BJTs in Pulsed Applications Through L-band
Tiefeng Shi, Chia-Ling Hsu, David Burdeaux, and Pascal Gola

Avoiding Costly Pitfalls When Specifying Filter Performance
Jeff Sloane

New Wideband Attenuator Simplifies Testing
Brian Walker, JFW Industries, Inc.

GPS Challenges
Hans Wiedemann


Optimum Technology Matching® – More Relevant Than Ever
Ben Thomas, RFMD

Ultra-Miniature High Linearity SPDT Switch for WLAN Applications
Jay Yang and Rick Cory, Skyworks Solutions, Inc.


Instantaneous Phase Measurements of Wideband Active Electronically Scanned Arrays (AESA)
Bill Accola

Difference Amplifier Forms Heart of Precision Current Source
Neil Zhao, Reem Malik, and Wenshuai Liao, Analog Devices

Distributed RF Systems for Antenna Measurements
Dave Fooshe and Bert Schluper

Design Smart - Design Safe - Design Fast State-of-the-art GPS and Telematics Solutions
Hans Wiedemann


Test & Measurement World


SOC DFT Verification with Static Analysis
Marco Brambilla, Jean Philippe Loison, and Kiran Vittal

Optical Transceiver Tests Verify Compliance
Greg Le Cheminant

Zero Re-Arm Time Measurements
Timothy Lyons and Ed Seng

Measure DSL Power Spectral Density
Dan Joffe


De-Embedding Improves Measurement Accuracy
Randy White

Test Ideas: Microcontroller Runs Relay Endurance Test
Alvin Agustin

Control Design: Pervasive and Perplexing
Kevin C. Craig

Ethernet Standard to Cut Energy Use
Martin Rowe


Inductance and Capacitance
Martin Rowe

Test Ideas: Protect USB Measurement Circuits
Lawrence Raymond

Get a Handle on Low-Voltage Measurements
Martin Rowe

Fast-Sequenced Nonsignaling Cellular Test
Robin Irwin


LED Test
Bryan Bolt

Synchronize Sensors and Cameras
Shih-Jie Chou, Rui-Cian Weng, and Tai-Shan Liao

AXIe Stakes Claim as PXI's "Big Brother"
Richard A. Quinnell


Graphene Shows Promise
Martin Rowe

System Motion Fundamentals
Kevin C. Craig

Use of Sensors in Test Instruments Increasing
Rajender Thusu


Transistor Laser Could Change Communications
Martin Rowe

RF Fading Simulation
Roland Minihold

Test Ideas: Find Vibrations in Defective Rotating Parts
Jim Axelson


Calibration is Changing
Martin Rowe

The Stressed Eye's Crest Factor
Martin Rowe

Reduce Time-Base Errors in Sampling Oscilloscopes
Martin Rowe

Boost Current for High-Power Tests
David Wyban

Test Ideas: Helmet Tester Verifies Compliance

Desktops Make Inspection More Accessible
Ann R. Thryft

Solving Accessibility Issues
Sujan Sami


Transparent Clock Improves Network Timing
Martin Rowe

Test Ideas: Comprehensive Automated Subassembly Testing
Doug Parrish

Friction Fundamentals and Accelerating Cars
Kevin C. Craig and Robert C. Greenheck

The EMC Continuum
Martin Rowe


Complex Modulation Comes to Optical Fiber
Martin Rowe

Test Ideas: Linearize Measurements From Bridge Circuits
Camilo Quintáns-Graña and Jorge Marcos-Acevedo

Synchronize Your PC's Clock
Martin Rowe


Complex Modulation Comes to Optical Fiber
Martin Rowe

Test Ideas: Linearize Measurements From Bridge Circuits
Camilo Quintáns-Graña and Jorge Marcos-Acevedo

Why Integrators Choose PXI
Jonathan Murray

PXI Keeps Pushing Envelope
Richard A. Quinnell


Connected Instruments
Rick Nelson

Test Ideas: Sort Thyristors With a Test Circuit
Chee Hua How

High-Performance Computing Speeds Image Data Processing
Ann R. Thryft

Time, Frequency, and Modal Domains Offer Complementary Views, Insight
Kevin C. Craig

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