Magnetic flux, represented by the Greek letter Φ (phi), is a measure of quantity
of magnetism, taking into account the strength and the extent of a magnetic field.
The SI unit of magnetic flux is the weber (in derived units: volt-seconds), and
the unit of magnetic field is the weber per square meter, or tesla.
flux through an element of area perpendicular to the direction of magnetic field
is given by the product of the magnetic field and the area element. More generally,
magnetic flux is defined by a scalar product of the magnetic field and the area
The direction of the magnetic field vector B is by definition
from the south to the north pole of a magnet (within the magnet). Outside of the
magnet, the field lines will go from north to south.
The magnetic flux through
a surface is proportional to the number of magnetic field lines that pass through
the surface. This is the net number, i.e. the number passing through in one direction,
minus the number passing through in the other direction.
Standard unit = Weber