Copyright: 1996 - 2024
BSEE - KB3UON
RF Cafe began life in 1996 as "RF Tools" in an AOL screen name web space totaling
2 MB. Its primary purpose was to provide me with ready access to commonly needed
formulas and reference material while performing my work as an RF system and circuit
design engineer. The World Wide Web (Internet) was largely an unknown entity at
the time and bandwidth was a scarce commodity. Dial-up modems blazed along at 14.4 kbps
while tying up your telephone line, and a nice lady's voice announced "You've Got
Mail" when a new message arrived...
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- References -
Note: Since all reference materials are
periodically revised, the attached references may include dated editions. Refer to the most current edition of each document when using the
American National Standards Institute
ANSI C50.13-1989, Rotating Electrical Machinery.
Personal Protection-Protective Footwear.
ANSI Z87.1-1979, Practice for Protection Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection.
ANSI Z89.1-1986, Protective Headwear for Industrial Workers-Requirements.
ANSI/LIA Z136.1-1993, Safe Use of Lasers.
Society of Mechanical Engineers
ASME A17.1, Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators, 1984.
ASME A17.2.1, Inspectors Manual for
Electric Elevators, 1993.
ASME A17.2.2, Inspectors Manual for Hydraulic Elevators, 1994.
ASME A17.2.3, Inspectors Manual for Escalators
and Moving Walks, 1994.
ASME A17.3, Safety Code for Existing Elevators and Escalators, 1986.
ASME B30.2, Overhead and Gantry Cranes, 2001.
ASME B30.11, Monorail Systems and Underhung Cranes, 1998.
ASME B30.16, Overhead Hoists (Underhung), 1998.
for Testing and Materials
ANSI/ASTM D120-1987, Specifications for Rubber Insulating Gloves.
ASTM D178-1988, Specifications for
Rubber Insulating Matting.
ASTM D1048-99, Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Blankets.
ASTM D1049-98, Standard Specification
for Rubber Insulating Covers.
ASTM D1050-99, Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Line Hoses.
ASTM D1051-02, Standard Specification
for Rubber Insulating Sleeves.
ASTM F478-02, Standard Specification for In-Service Care of Insulating Line Hose and Covers.
ASTM F496-02a, Standard Specification for the In-Service Care of Insulating Gloves and Sleeves.
ASTM F696-02, Standard Specification
for Leather Protectors for Rubber Insulating Gloves and Mittens.
ASTM F711-02, Standard Specification for Fiberglass-Reinforced Plastic (FRP)
Rod and Tube Used in Live Line Tools.
ASTM F855-03, Standard Specification for Temporary Protective Grounds to be Used on Deenergized Electric
Power Lines and Equipment.
ASTM F887-04, Standard Specification for Personal Climbing Equipment.
ASTM F1116-03, Standard Test Method for
Determining Dielectric Strength of Overshoe Footwear.
ASTM F1117-03, Standard Specification for Dielectric Overshoe Footwear.
Standard Specification for Insulated and Insulating Hand Tools.
ASTM F1506-02ae1, Standard Performance Specification for Flame Retardant
Textile Materials for Wearing Apparel for Use by Electrical Workers Exposed to Momentary
Electric Arc and Related Thermal
ASTM F1742-03, Standard Specification for PVC Insulating Sheeting.
ASTM PS-57, Test Method for Determining the Ignitibility
of Clothing by the Electrical Arc Exposure Method Using a Mannequin.
ASTM PS-58, Test Method for Determining the Arc Thermal Performance
(Value) of Textile Materials for Clothing by Electric Arc Exposure Method Using Instrumented Sensor Panels.
Association of America
CMAA-70, Specifications for Top Running Bridge and Gantry Type Multiple Girder Electric Overhead Traveling
CMAA-74, Specifications for Top Running and Under Running Single Girder Electric Overhead Traveling Cranes.
CMAA Crane Operators'
CMAA Overhead Crane Inspection and Maintenance Checklist.
Department of Energy Orders, Manuals, and Guides
O 433.1, Maintenance Management Program for DOE Nuclear Facilities, 2001.
O 4330.4B, Maintenance Management Program, 1994 (Archived).
O 440.1A, Worker Protection Management for DOE Federal and Contractor Employees, 1998.
M 440.1-1, DOE Explosives Safety Manual, 1995.
Department of Defense Standards
DOD 6055.9-STD, DoD Ammunition
and Explosives Safety Standards, Department of Defense, 1986.
DOD FIPS-PUB-94, Guidelines on Electrical Power for ADP Installations.
MIL-HDBK-419A (Volumes 1 and 2), Grounding, Bonding, and Shielding for Electronic Equipment and Facilities (Basic Theory, Applications).
Department of Labor-OSHA
29 CFR 1910, Occupational Safety and Health Standards.
29 CFR 1926, Safety and Health Regulations
30 CFR 57, Safety and Health Standards-Underground Metal and Nonmetal Mines.
30 CFR 75, Mandatory Safety Standards-Underground
30 CFR 77, Mandatory Safety Standards, Surface Coal Mines and Surface Work Areas of Underground Coal Mines.
of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
IEEE 80-2000, Guide for Safety in AC Substation Grounding, 1986.
IEEE 141-1993, IEEE Recommended
Practice for Electric Power Distribution for Industrial Plants, (IEEE Red Book).
IEEE 142-1991, IEEE Recommended Practice for Grounding of
Industrial and Commercial Power Systems, (IEEE Green Book).
IEEE 484-1996, IEEE Recommended Practice for Installation Design and Installation
of Vented Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications.
IEEE 450-1995, IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement
of Vented Large Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications.
IEEE 516-2003, IEEE Guide for Maintenance Methods on Energized Power-Lines.
IEEE 524-2003, IEEE Guide to the Installation of Overhead Transmission Line Conductors.
IEEE 524A-1998, IEEE Guide to Grounding During the
Installation of Overhead Transmission Line Conductors.
IEEE 978-1984, IEEE Guides for In-Service Maintenance and Electrical Testing of Live-Line
IEEE 1048-2003, IEEE Guide for Protective Grounding of Power Lines.
IEEE 1100-1999, IEEE Recommended Practice for Powering and Grounding Electronic Equipment.
IEEE/ANSI C-2, National Electrical
Safety Code, 2002.
IEEE C62.11-1987, IEEE Standard for Metal-Oxide Surge Arrestors for AC Power Circuits.
IEEE/ANSI C95.1 (1999) Standard
for Safety Levels With Respect to Human Exposure to Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, 3KHz to 3000GHz.
ANSI/ISA RP12.06.01-2003, Wiring Practices for Hazardous (Classified) Locations, Instrumentation Part 1: Intrinsic Safety.
ANSI/ISA - S82.01 - 1994, Safety Standard for Electrical and Electronic Test, Measuring, Controlling, and Related Equipment - General Requirements.
ANSI/ISA - S82.02 - 1988, Safety Standard for Electrical and Electronic Test, Measuring, Controlling, and Related Equipment: Electrical and
Electronic Test and Measuring Equipment, (Partial Revision and Redesignation of ANSI C39.5-1974).
ANSI/ISA - S82.03 - 1988, Safety Standard
for Electrical and Electronic Test, Measuring, Controlling, and Related Equipment: Electrical and Electronic Process Measurement and Control
Equipment, (Partial Revision and Redesignation of ANSI C39.5-1974).
National Electrical Manufacturers Association
NEMA 250-1997, Enclosures for Electrical Equipment (1000 Volt Maximum).
NEMA 280, Application Guide for Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters,
NEMA MG1, Motors and Generators, 2003.
NEMA PB2.2, Application Guide for Ground Fault Protection Devices for Equipment, 2004.
National Fire Protection Association
NFPA Handbook, Electrical Installations in Hazardous Locations, by P. J. Schram
and M. W. Earley, 2003.
NFPA 70, National Electrical Code, 2002.
NFPA 70B, Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance,
NFPA 70E, Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace, 2004.
NFPA 72, National Fire Alarm Code, 2002.
NFPA 77, Recommended
Practice on Static Electricity, 2000.
NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, 1997.
NFPA 325, Fire Hazard Properties of Flammable Liquids, Gases, and Volatile Solids, 1994.
NFPA 496, Standard for Purged and Pressurized
Enclosures for Electrical Equipment, 2003.
NFPA 497M, Classification of Gases, Vapors, and Dusts for Electrical Equipment in Hazardous (Classified)
NFPA 780, Standard for the Installation of Lighting Protection Systems, 1997.
UL 45, UL Standard for Safety for Portable Electric Tools, 1999.
UL 508, UL Standard for Safety for Industrial Control Equipment, 2003.
UL 698, UL Standard for Safety for Industrial Control Equipment for Use in Hazardous (Classified) Locations, 1999.
UL 877, UL Standard for
Safety for Circuit Breakers and Circuit-Breaker Enclosures for Use in Hazardous (Classified) Locations, 1999.
UL 886, UL Standard for Safety
for Outlet Boxes and Fittings for Use in Hazardous (Classified) Locations, 1999.
UL 894, UL Standard for Safety for Switches for Use in Hazardous
(Classified) Locations, 1999.
UL 913, Intrinsically Safe Apparatus and Associated Apparatus for Use in Class I, II, and II, Division I, Hazardous
(Classified) Locations, 2004.
UL 1244, Electrical and Electronic Measuring and Testing Equipment, 2000. UL, Hazardous Location Equipment
Other Reference Materials
Cooper Crouse Hinds (CCH Digests)
EIA/TIA-607-1994, Commercial Building
IEC (6)1010-1, Safety Requirements for Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use,
International Association of Electrical Inspectors, Soares Book on Grounding.
Society of Fire Protection Engineers, Handbook of
Fire Protection Engineering, Third Edition, 2002.
Uniform Building Code Chapter 51, 1997
Uniform Federal Accessibility Standard, Handicapped
The entire contents of this
version of DOE-HDBK-1092-2004, along with supplemental material located at the end of the document, are available at the following URL: