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Density of Some Common Building Materials

Click to view details on Walker's Building Estimator's Reference BookThese values for density of some common building materials  were collected from sites across the Internet and are generally in agreement with multiple sites. Most are from BOCA or ASAE tables. However, if you have values that you believe are more accurate, use them for your calculations, and please send me an e-mail to let me know what your values are. Note that original units were lb/ft3, so actual number of significant places in kg/m3 column are the same as the original unit, i.e., Aluminum density is really only known to three significant places even though four are presented.

Aluminum171 lb/ft32,739 kg/m3
Asphalt, crushed45 lb/ft3721 kg/m3
Brick, common red120 lb/ft31,920 kg/m3
Cast Iron450 lb/ft37,208 kg/m3
Cement, Portland94 lb/ft31,506 kg/m3
Concrete, Limestone w/Portland148 lb/ft32,370 kg/m3
Concrete, Gravel150 lb/ft32,400 kg/m3
Crushed Stone100 lb/ft31,600 kg/m3
Earth, loam dry excavated90 lb/ft31,440 kg/m3
Earth, packed95 lb/ft31,520 kg/m3
Glass, window161 lb/ft32580 kg/m3
Gravel, loose, dry95 lb/ft31,520 kg/m3
Gravel, with sand120 lb/ft31,920 kg/m3
3/8 inch Gypsum or Plaster Board1.56 lb/ft27.62 kg/m2
1/2 inch Gypsum or Plaster Board2.08 lb/ft210.2 kg/m2
5/8 inch Gypsum or Plaster Board2.60 lb/ft212.7 kg/m2
Ice, crushed37.0 lb/ft3593 kg/m3
Ice, solid57.4 lb/ft3919 kg/m3
Limestone171 lb/ft32,739 kg/m3
Marble, solid160 lb/ft32,560 kg/m3
Mineral Fiber fiberglass Insulation2.0 lb/ft332 kg/m3
Mud, packed119 lb/ft31,906 kg/m3
Oyster Shells, ground53 lb/ft3849 kg/m3
Extruded Polystyrene Insulation1.8 lb/ft329 kg/m3
Expanded Polystyrene Insulation1.5 lb/ft324 kg/m3
Polyurethane Insulation1.5 lb/ft324 kg/m3
Porcelain150 lb/ft32,400 kg/m3
Sand, dry100 lb/ft31,600 kg/m3
Snow, compacted30 lb/ft3480 kg/m3
Snow, freshly fallen10 lb/ft3160 kg/m3
Tar72 lb/ft31,150 kg/m3
Vermiculite40 lb/ft3641 kg/m3
Water62.4 lb/ft31,000 kg/m3
Wool82 lb/ft31,310 kg/m3
Framing Lumber Douglas Fir

  2X4 = 1.28 lb/linear ft
  2X6 = 2.00 lb/linear ft
  2X8 = 2.64 lb/linear ft
  2X10 = 3.37 lb/linear ft
  2X12 = 4.10 lb/linear ft
  4X4 = 2.98 lb/linear ft
  6X6 = 7.35 lb/linear ft
  6X8 = 10.0 lb/linear ft

35 lb/ft3561 kg/m3
4 inch Brick w/½" mortar42 lb/ft3673 kg/m3
8 inch Concrete Block w/½" mortar55 lb/ft3881 kg/m3
12 inch Concrete Block w/½" mortar80 lb/ft31,281 kg/m3
1/4 inch Plywood0.710 lb/ft23.47 kg/m2
3/8 inch Plywood1.06 lb/ft25.18 kg/m2
1/2 inch Plywood1.42 lb/ft26.93 kg/m2
5/8 inch Plywood1.77 lb/ft28.64 kg/m2
3/4 inch Plywood2.13 lb/ft210.4 kg/m2
Asphalt Roofing Shingles3.0 lb/ft215 kg/m2
1/4 in. Slate Shingles10 lb/ft249 kg/m2
Aluminum Roofing 26 gauge0.3 lb/ft21.5 kg/m2
Steel Roofing 29 gauge50.8 lb/ft23.9 kg/m2
Built-Up 3 Ply & Gravel Roofing5.5 lb/ft227 kg/m2
Bank Sand2,500 lb/yd31,483 kg/m3
Torpedo Sand2,700 lb/yd31,602 kg/m3
Framing Steel490 lb/ft37,849 kg/m3

Thanks to Tony K. for units corrections
Here is a more extensive table on the Simetric website - thanks to Jim K.
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