February 1969 Radio-Electronics
[Table of Contents]
Wax nostalgic about and learn from the history of early electronics.
See articles from Radio-Electronics,
published 1930-1988. All copyrights hereby acknowledged.
Governments are historically fond of creating
laws, standards, regulations, codes, ordinances, directives, notices, prohibitions,
restrictions, bylaws, ordinances, and all other manner of ways to control our lives
- all for our own good, don't you know. Sometimes those impositions are useful,
and other times - maybe most times - they are just forms of control to keep the
figurative boot on the equally figurative throats of the
proletariat. According to this 1969 issue of Radio-Electronics magazine,
the U.S. Department of Health, Education,
and Welfare has recently been ordered to create standards for maximum radio
frequency radiation exposure levels for various commercial electronic products.
The move was largely driven by concerns over radiation from
x-ray emission from super high voltage cathode ray tube (CRT) biases, and from
microwave ovens, both of which were relatively new household appliances.
New Radiation Standards Set
Washington. D.C. - Standards for hazardous
radiation from commercial electronic products are now under federal study. New legislation
directs the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare to set and control radiation
standards for all kinds of electronic products. The new law grew out of federal
investigations that revealed dangerous radiation leakage and potential hazards in
a number of products. In addition to excessive X-ray radiation from some color TV
sets, studies showed that 24 of 30 microwave ovens at a U.S. medical center leaked
potentially hazardous radiation, that about two-thirds of some 112,000 X-ray machines
did not meet current standards, and that dangerous lasers are readily available
to the general public.
Who Are the Proletariat?
The proletariat is a term used in Marxist theory to describe the social class
of wage-earners who do not own the means of production, and therefore must sell
their labor to survive. According to Marxist theory, the proletariat is the
driving force of history, as it is through their struggle against the
bourgeoisie (the capitalist class that owns the means of production) that
revolution and the establishment of a socialist or communist society becomes
In simpler terms, the proletariat refers to the working-class individuals who
must sell their labor to earn a living, and who are often exploited by the
capitalist class in the pursuit of profit. This term is often associated with
Marxist and socialist political thought, and has played a significant role in
the history of labor movements and social struggles around the world.
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW)
The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) was a cabinet-level
department of the United States government that existed from 1953 to 1979. It
was responsible for overseeing federal programs related to public health,
education, and social welfare.
HEW was created in 1953 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower through the
reorganization of several existing federal agencies. The department's
responsibilities included administering social security and Medicare programs,
overseeing the National Institutes of Health and Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, and managing federal education programs such as student loans and
In 1979, HEW was divided into two separate departments: the Department of
Education and the Department of Health and Human Services. This reorganization
was intended to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of federal programs
related to health, education, and social welfare. Today, the Department of
Health and Human Services is the primary federal agency responsible for public
health and social welfare programs, while the Department of Education oversees
federal education programs.
Posted March 30, 2023