January 1935 Radio-Craft
Wax nostalgic about and learn from the history of early electronics.
See articles from Radio-Craft,
published 1929 - 1953. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged.
I am constantly amazed when reading
stories about how easily Adolph Hitler rose to power in Germany by encouraging and
exploiting resentment of his countrymen over being forced, among other concessions
outlined in the Treaty of Versailles,
to disarm militarily and make reparations for atrocities committed in World War I.
Part of the Nazi
(National Socialist) party success was extensive use of propaganda via print, radio,
and the relatively new technology of television. Government exercised complete control
over the mainstream media (i.e., not "underground") by dictating content that promoted
the proclaimed virtues of Nazism and the
and the vices of just about every other form of government and race (particularly
Jewish). At the height of Hitler's reign of terror during the
era, radio and television sets were only permitted to use crystals tuned to state-sponsored
channels; to be caught possessing crystals for other frequencies meant certain death
- often at the hands of the infamously cruel
Gestapo. A large
portion of the German population had no idea what the true status of the war was,
and were taken completely by surprise when news of defeat finally came.
Sound of Music" is an excellent film that depicts the beginning days of Hitler's
proclaimed "peaceful" invasion of Austria, where he calmly assured the citizens
that if they liked their country, they could keep their country (something about
that kind of promise by a politician sounds eerily familiar). It is one of my favorite
Hitler Takes up Television
The latest move in Germany is the establishment
of a huge network of television transmitters for disbursing propaganda.
Within the past month, Radio-Craft has received a report that Chancellor Hitler
is preparing a huge network of television stations in Germany which will probably
be used as an aid to broadcasting as a medium for disbursing Nazi propaganda.
As mentioned in the report; Hitler's plan includes the making of cheap television
sets available throughout the country. This will make Germany the first nation to
establish extensive television programs on a large scale.
Short waves will be employed for these transmissions, so that the required number
of channels can be obtained. In this way, with numerous stations properly spaced,
it is expected that even the outlying districts will be adequately covered.
Television transmitters manufactured by the Baird Television Co. of England are
said to have been ordered by the German officials. These transmitters are of special
design to cover the conditions required for each individual installation. They include
sound facilities as well as the vision units, so that the voices of Hitler and his
Nazi orators will be heard, in addition to visualizing the speakers, themselves.
While no actual data is available regarding the type of receivers which will
be merchandised, it is expected that only a single design, approved by the government,
will be manufactured by all the manufacturers. This is in line with the present
plan in Germany to make "Hitler's own" receiver (a set of small size, and relatively
insensitive so that only local programs can be picked, up) the distinctive set.
Thus, the citizens of Germany will be prevented from hearing the powerful transmitters
of Russia and other foreign countries from which undesirable programs might be heard.
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty signed on June 28, 1919, that officially
ended World War I between Germany and the Allied Powers. The treaty was negotiated
among the Allied Powers, including the United States, Great Britain, France, and
Italy, and imposed various penalties and restrictions on Germany.
Under the terms of the treaty, Germany was forced to accept responsibility for
causing the war and pay reparations to the Allies. The treaty also imposed military
restrictions on Germany, limiting its army to 100,000 soldiers and prohibiting the
development of certain military technologies.
Some of the good aspects are:
- The treaty created the League of Nations, which was an important step towards
creating a forum for international cooperation and peacekeeping.
- The treaty established new nations, including Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia,
which were recognized as independent states.
- The treaty forced Germany to give up its overseas colonies, which were then
divided among the Allied powers.
- The treaty required Germany to disarm, reducing the risk of future aggression
Some of the bad outcomes are:
- The treaty imposed harsh reparations on Germany, causing economic hardship and
leading to resentment among Germans.
- The treaty placed full responsibility for the war on Germany, which many Germans
felt was unfair.
- The treaty led to territorial losses for Germany, including the loss of Alsace-Lorraine
to France and the Sudetenland to Czechoslovakia.
- The treaty weakened Germany's economy and military, leading to instability and
the rise of extremist political movements, including Nazism.
Overall, while the Treaty of Versailles had some positive aspects, its harsh
terms and unintended consequences contributed to the instability and conflict that
followed in the years leading up to World War II.
"Anschluss" is a German term that refers to the annexation of Austria by Nazi
Germany on March 12, 1938. This event was a key step in Adolf Hitler's efforts
to expand Germany's borders and gain greater control over Europe. The annexation
was achieved through a combination of political pressure, intimidation, and
military force, and was met with little resistance from the Austrian government
or the Austrian people. The Anschluss was widely condemned by the international
community, but it set the stage for further German aggression and ultimately
contributed to the outbreak of World War II.
Despite these challenges, Arvin remained a significant player in the automotive
audio market for many years. However, as the company faced financial difficulties
in the latter part of the 20th century, it was eventually acquired by another company
and the Arvin brand was discontinued.
Today, Arvin is remembered as a pioneering brand in the field of automotive audio.
Despite the challenges it faced and its eventual decline, its legacy continues to
influence the industry and is still celebrated by many people who remember its products
and the role they played in shaping the American automotive landscape.
In conclusion, Arvin was a popular brand of car radios and audio equipment that
was known for its quality and reliability. Although the company faced increased
competition and eventually declined, its legacy continues to influence the industry
and is remembered by many people today as a pioneer in the field of automotive audio.
Posted April 12, 2023
(updated from original post