Wax nostalgic about and learn from the history of early electronics. See articles
from Popular Electronics,
published October 1954 - April 1985. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged.
In 1970, engineers at the Hamilton Watch Company introduced the world's first solid state electronic digital watch called the Pulsar Time Computer. It went on sale commercially two years later, just a few months after this article appeared in the December 1971 issue of Popular Electronics magazine. Motorola created this "$25,000 Sundial," which represents the research and development cost of the LED clock display that the company predicted would one day lead to an inexpensive wristwatch. Maybe they hadn't seen the The Tonight Show show where it made its debut in 1970. The Pulsar Big Time watch retailed for $295 in 1972, which in 2018 is the equivalent of $1,777 (per the BLS Inflation Calculator). That's about three times the cost of the top end Series 4 Apple Watch today, and all the Pulsar watch could do was tell time in the only color available until the 1980's - red.
A $25,000 Sundial?
Ever since man first became consciously aware of the passage of time, he has attempted to segment his day by the "clock." One of the earliest such clocks was the sundial. The desk clock shown in the photo has one thing in common with the sundial - it contains no moving parts. This unique timepiece was built by the Motorola Semiconductor Products Division, Central Research Laboratories, at a developmental cost of $25,000.
The timepiece represents three departures from the conventional clock design. First, in place of moving hands, it employs 72 light-emitting diodes (LED's) to indicate seconds, minutes, and hours. Second, the mechanical movement has been replaced by tiny integrated circuits that turn on the hour, minute, and second LED's. (Only three LED's are on at any given time, allowing the clock to operate for about a year on two small batteries.) Third, the timing device is an extremely accurate quartz crystal instead of a mechanical tuning fork or balance staff.
Although the timepiece is only in the research phase, it is almost certain that the electronics inside will be commercially adopted in both clocks and wrist watches before long. Expectations are that a full integrated clock will exist within the year.
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