July 1960 Popular Electronics
Table of Contents
Wax nostalgic about and learn from the history of early electronics. See articles
published October 1954 - April 1985. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged.
General Dwight D. (Ike) Eisenhower
was president when this article appeared in a 1960 issue of Popular Electronics
magazine telling of plans for the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to receive
their first computers. Arguments had to be made to justify the expenditure based
on how much money might be saved in completing the department's duties. Citizen
Band (CB) radio license applications were being received at a rate of 10,000 per
month, which was really beginning to strain the processing efforts when combined
with the FCC's other responsibilities. Mention of Ike always reminds me of the
Days episode with Fonzie saying, "I like Ike. My bike likes Ike."
FCC Report: Computers for FCC
By Robert E. Tall
The electronic data processing bug has bitten the FCC. At the moment, chances
look good that the Commission will be blipping out your Citizens Band licenses by
machine in a few more years. Studies are already being made by the National Bureau
of Standards to see which parts of the FCC's activities can be fitted into computer
operation, but it will probably take until early 1963 for the Commission to make
the necessary decisions and get the program into full swing.
Word on the computer plans was passed to the House Interstate & Foreign Commerce
Communications Subcommittee when the Commission went up for its annual quizzing
in connection with appropriations for the year starting July 1. Several of the Congressmen
briefed on the plans expressed quick support.
FCC Executive Officer Robert W. Cox told the subcommittee that both the Bureau
of Standards and the Commission feel it is "premature" to say how much money can
be saved or how much faster work can be done by a computerized operation. However,
both agencies are "very optimistic" about the possibilities.
The big question concerning the Citizens Band and other two-way radio fields
administered by the FCC is not whether the machines can handle license processing,
but whether they can do the work more economically. A decision as to whether or
not to swing into a full data processing program will probably be made by the FCC
this fall. If the agency goes the computer route, another complete overhauling of
application and license forms is indicated.
Chairman Albert Thomas (D., Tex.) of the House Subcommittee said the work of
the FCC's Safety & Special Radio Services Bureau, which includes the Citizens
Band activities, should fit into computer operation "just like it is made to order."
If the program is undertaken, it very definitely should mean much quicker application
Citizens Band applications were being received by the FCC at a rate of more than
10,000 a month, and the FCC told the House members that since "an estimated 50 firms
are making or planning to make the relatively inexpensive Citizens Band equipment,
a steady rise in receipts can be expected as sales promotion plans get under way
and competition results in lowered prices." The Congressmen sitting in on the sessions
did not raise many questions when they were told that the Commission expects the
Citizens Radio Service to grow to an estimated 200,000 licensees this year, and
that the blossoming service has required enforcement action "leading to the issuance
of at least 100 citations per month" for violations.
The FCC asked for money for added enforcement personnel to handle problems involving
class D licensees, which will "undoubtedly increase as the band becomes saturated."
Individual CB enforcement cases continue to involve primarily off-frequency operation
and failure to answer FCC violation notices.
Amateur radio, meanwhile, got a large national publicity boost when a live broadcast
account of the annual meeting of President Eisenhower's Committee on Employment
of the Physically Handicapped was transmitted to physically handicapped and other
radio enthusiasts throughout the world.
Accounts of the May 5-6 meeting in Washington were put on the amateur airways
by Miss Margaret Cauffield (W3UTR) and Gordon Walker. Miss Cauffield is a wheelchair-bound
"ham" employed by the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation of the Department of Health,
Education & Welfare; Mr. Walker is also confined to a wheelchair and is an electronics
engineer with the Navy's Bureau of Ships.
The station they used was loaned for the venture by a Washington electronics
and radio parts firm. It was operated with a power of about 145 watts, with a 55'
x 35' antenna supplied by the Naval Research Laboratory on the roof of the Departmental
Auditorium in Washington where the meeting was held.
Posted October 25, 2022
(updated from original post