visiting RF Cafe (other than by accident) almost certainly knows of
Drs. Bardeen, Brattain and Shockley fame for their transistor invention
while jointly working at the Bell Telephone Laboratories. The trio shared
The Nobel Prize in Physics in 1956. Bell was so proud of their employees'
efforts that they ran full page advertisements to boast of the accomplishment.
This one appeared in the February 1957 edition of Radio & Television
News. Alas, Ma Bell's moment of glory was a bit diminished by needing
to add a footnote admitting that Drs. Bardeen and Shockley no longer
work there. Note that while the ad says the transistor was announced in 1948, the first
demonstration to Bell managers was in December of 1947.
Bell Telephone Laboratories Salutes Three New Nobel
Drs. John Bardeen, Walter H. Brattain and William Shockley are honored
for accomplishments at the Laboratories
(Left to right) Dr. John Bardeen*. Dr. William Shockley*, and
Dr. Walter H. Brattain, shown at Bell Telephone Laboratories
in 1948 with apparatus used in the early investigations which
led to the invention of the transistor.
The 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to the three inventors
of the transistor, for "investigations on semiconductors and the discovery
of the transistor effect."
They made their revolutionary contribution
to electronics while working at Bell Telephone Laboratories in Murray
Hill, N. J. Discovery of the transistor was announced in 1948. Bell
Laboratories is proud to have been able to provide the environment for
this great achievement.
This is the second Nobel Prize awarded
to Bell Telephone Laboratories scientists. In 1937 Dr. C. J. Davisson
shared a Nobel Prize for his discovery of electron diffraction.
Such achievements reflect honor on all the scientists and engineers
who work at Bell Telephone Laboratories. These men, doing research and
development in a wide variety of fields, are contributing every day
to the improvement of communications in America.
*Dr. Bardeen is now with the University of Illinois,
and Dr. Shockley is with the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory of Beckman
Instruments, Inc., Calif.
World Center Of
Communications Research And Development
Posted July 11, 2013