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National Bureau of Standards' Role in IGY
December 1957 Radio & TV News Article

December 1957 Radio & TV News December 1957 Radio & TV News Cover - RF Cafe[Table of Contents]These articles are scanned and OCRed from old editions of the Radio & Television News magazine. Here is a list of the Radio & Television News articles I have already posted. As time permits, I will be glad to scan articles for you. All copyrights (if any) are hereby acknowledged.
The International Geophysical Year (IGY) ran from July 1957 through December 1958 and was designed to promote cooperation between countries in the earth sciences realm of research. In all, 67 countries participated in various IGY projects. China declined involvement based on objections to Taiwan being involved, arguably perpetuating its people's languishing behind the Iron Curtain of Communism much longer than it otherwise would have. Global studies were carried out for the aurora and airglow, cosmic rays, geomagnetism, gravity, the ionosphere, longitude and latitude determinations, meteorology, oceanography, seismology, and solar activity. It was during this period that the USSR launched Sputnik and the Van Allen radiation belts were discovered. This article reports on the radio-communications-related IGY activities of the U.S. National Bureau of Standards (NBS, now the National Institute of Standards and Technology - NIST).

IGY
Articles:
Electronics and the IGY - Part I, Electronics and the IGY - Part II, National Bureau of Standards' Role in IGY, How We Listen to Stars and Satellites, Radio Waves, Sunspots, and Planets

See all available vintage Radio News articles.


National Bureau of Standards' Role in IGY

One of two radio telescopes near Boulder, Colorado - RF Cafe
One of two radio telescopes near Boulder, Colorado, operated by National Bureau of Standards.
Bureau of Standards Role in IGY, December 1957 Radio & TV News - RF CafeResults will provide valuable information in fields of meteorology and radio communications.


The National Bureau of Standards is playing an active, many-faceted role in the International Geophysical Year of 1957-58. From observation stations widely scattered over the globe, the Bureau is collecting and analyzing data on many phases of upper atmospheric physics and radio propagation. Centered in the Boulder Laboratories (Colorado) where most NBS radio propagation research is carried on, the Bureau's part in the program includes studies of the ionosphere, forward scatter propagation, various kinds of radio noise, airglow, and related phenomena.

The greatest part of the Bureau's effort will be concerned with variations in the ionosphere. Because of its extensive studies along these lines, the Bureau has been given responsibility for the ionospheric data program in the Western Hemisphere. As part of this phase, the study of sporadic-E propagation will be intensified through the operation of controlled circuits.

In cooperation with several South American laboratories, research will be conducted into ionospheric forward scatter in the equatorial region. Further investigation of scatter will be made in the Caribbean in cooperation with the Navy and in the Far East in conjunction with the "Voice of America" and the Japanese Radio Research Labs.

The Bureau is also expected to learn more about radio interference and propagation through a study of radio noise. Sixteen worldwide noise-observation stations have been set up.

In addition, a systematic recording and study of airglow, a faint night-sky luminescence, will be undertaken with telescopic photometers. Two airglow observing stations have been set up and photometers have been supplied to others in the American chain of 13 stations.

Focal point of the day-to-day system for observation coordination is the Bureau's radio forecasting center near Washington. From this nerve center, warnings are flashed to scientists throughout the world for special conditions of observation.

Sensitive photoelectric photometer used to observe airglow - RF Cafe
Sensitive photoelectric photometer used to observe airglow.
Special sounding stations set up for the IGY observations - RF Cafe
Special sounding stations set up for the IGY observations.





Posted  December 17, 2013
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RF Cascade Workbook is a very extensive system cascaded component Excel workbook that includes the standard Gain, NF, IP2, IP3, Psat calculations, input & output VSWR, noise BW, min/max tolerance, DC power cauculations, graphing of all RF parameters, and has a graphical block diagram tool. An extensive User's Guide is also included. - Only $35.
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A Disruptive Web Presence

Custom Search
Over 10,000 pages indexed! (none duped or pirated)

Read About RF Cafe
Webmaster: Kirt Blattenberger
    KB3UON

RF Cafe Software

RF Cascade Workbook
RF Cascade Workbook is a very extensive system cascaded component Excel workbook that includes the standard Gain, NF, IP2, IP3, Psat calculations, input & output VSWR, noise BW, min/max tolerance, DC power cauculations, graphing of all RF parameters, and has a graphical block diagram tool. An extensive User's Guide is also included. - Only $35.
RF system analysis including
frequency conversion & filters

RF & EE Symbols Word
RF Stencils for Visio

Product & Service Directory
Personally Selected Manufacturers
RF Cafe T-Shirts & Mugs

RF Cafe Software

Calculator Workbook
RF Workbench
Smith Chart™ for Visio
Smith Chart™ for Excel