While it is difficult to quantify lightning losses, it is estimated that $4-5 billion damage occurs each year. Likewise, the cost of lightning protection to safeguard critical equipment and facilities from lightning strikes during severe weather is enormous.
Fuses, Circuit Breakers & Surge Protectors Manufacturers & Services
Lightning Protection & Safety Websites
A Basic Primer in Lightning Effects and Protection | weighing-systems.com/TechnologyCentre/Lightning1.pdf
Summary from weighing-systems.com.
Air Force Instruction 32-1065 Grounding Systems | e-publishing.af.mil/shared/media/epubs/AFI32-1065_AFSPCSUP1.pdf
Assigns maintenance responsibilities and requirements for electrical grounding systems on Air Force installations.
An Overview of Lightning Safety | sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/socasp/weather1/kithil.html
Summary by Richard Kithil.
Electrical Hazards: Protecting Yourself, Your Home, and Your Assets | statefarm.com/consumer/electrichazards.htm
Information from State Farm Insurance.
FLASH— KABOOM! | homepower.com/view/?file=HP57_pg82_CodeCorner
Article by John Wiles, Sponsored by the Photovoltaic Systems Assistance Center, Sandia National Laboratories.
Global Lightning Observations | sprg.ssl.berkeley.edu/atmos/tgf/UCB-TGF.pdf
From the Space Physics Research Group, University of California, Berkeley.
Grounding Bonding and Shielding for Electronic Equipments and Facilities | wbdg.org/ccb/FEDMIL/hdbk419a_vol2.pdf
From the Department of Defense.
High Resolution Full Climatology Annual Flash Rate | srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/lightning/hirez_72dpi.htm
Fort Worth, TX
From National Weather Service.
Let's Learn About Lightning! for Kids | realinsurance.com.au/Article-Library/Lets-Learn-about-Lightning%21-for-Kids.aspx
Lots of resources great for school teachers and homeschoolers.
Lightning and Surge Protection | arcelect.com/lightnin.htm
Tutorial by Kenneth Schneider, PhD.
Lightning Protection | beradio.com/departments/radio_lightning_protection
Article from Radio Magazine, by John Battison.
Lightning Protection | wisconsinpublicservice.com/farm/lightning.asp
Green Bay, WI
Information from the Wisconsin Public Service Corporation.
Lightning Protection | wvlightning.com/protection.shtml
Facts & information from wvlightning.com.
Lightning Protection for the Amateur Station Part 1 | arrl.org/tis/info/pdf/0206056.pdf
By Ron Block, KB2UYT.
Lightning Protection for Farms | cdc.gov/nasd/docs/d001801-d001900/d001825/d001825.html
From National Ag Safety Database.
Lightning Protection Hazard Alert | cpwr.com/hazpdfs/hazlightning.pdf
Silver Spring, MD
From The Center to Protect Workers’ Rights.
Lightning Protection Institute | lightning.org
800-488-6864 / Maryville, MO
Dedicated to insuring that today's lightning protection systems are the best possible quality - in design, materials and installation - so that precious lives and property can be protected from the damaging and costly affects of one of nature's most exciting phenomena - lightning.
Lightning Protection Systems | ul.com/lightning
Information from the Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL). UL issues certificates of conformance for systems, inspecting system components and checking completed installations.
Lightning Risk Reduction Outdoors | lightningsafety.noaa.gov/outdoors.htm
From NOAA, National Weather Service.
Lightning Rod | en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightning_rod
Definition and information pertaining to lightning protection, from Wikipedia.
Lightning Density Map of the United States | crh.noaa.gov/pub/ltg/usa_ltg_fdm.gif
Lightning Safety | lightningsafety.noaa.gov
NOAA, National Weather Service data
Lightning Information & Safety for Kids | gardenbuildingsdirect.co.uk/Article/lightning-information-and-safety-for-kids
Links to lightning safety resources.
Lightning Strikes to People and the Legal Duties to Warn and to Protect | rbs2.com/ltgwarn.pdf
By Dr. Ronald B. Standler, attorney and consultant.
Methods of Creating Lightning Protection Zones Near Tall Telecommunications Structures According to Different National Standards | ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/login.jsp?url=/iel5/7928/21856/01015920.pdf?arnumber=1015920&htry=0
MIL-STD-464, Electromagnetic Environmental Effects Requirements for Systems | tscm.com/MIL-STD-464.pdf#search="MIL-STD-464"
Lightning strike waveforms. This standard establishes electromagnetic environmental effects (E3) interface requirements and verification criteria for airborne, sea, space, and ground systems, including associated ordnance.
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) | nfpa.org | 800 344-3555 | Quincy, MA
Serves as the world's leading advocate of fire prevention and is an authoritative source on public safety.
National Lightning Safety Institute (NLSI) | lightningsafety.com | Louisville, CO
A non-profit, non-product advocacy of lightning safety for both people and structures.
Naval Weapons Station Yorktown Instruction 8020.1 | cnrma.navy.mil/inst/nwsy/8020.1.pdf
Reporting the physical location of ammunition and explosives (A&E) during non-working hours.
Protection Against Ignitions Arising out of Static, Lightning, and Stray Currents | techstreet.com/cgi-bin/detail?product_id=8321
Document from American Petroleum Institute.
Recommended Practice for Grounding of Industrial and Commercial Power Systems | webstore.ansi.org/ansidocstore/product.asp?sku=142-1991
United Lightning Protection Association | ulpa.org | 800-668-8572 | Libertyville, IL
Promotes National Safety Standards regulating our industry, promotes the proper installation of lightning protection throughout the country and promotes lightning safety.
U.S. Army Explosives Safety Program | wbdg.org/ccb/ARMYCOE/ARMYCRIT/ar385_64.pdf
From the U.S. Army.
U.S. National Lightning Detection Network Database (NLDN) | gcmd.nasa.gov/records/GCMD_NLDN.html
The National Lightning Detection Network, NLDN, consists of over 100 remote, ground-based sensing stations located across the United States that instantaneously detect the electromagnetic signals given off when lightning strikes the earth's surface.
Why You Need Lightning Protection | elec-toolbox.com/usefulinfo/lightprot.htm
From Electricians Toolbox Etc.