These articles are scanned and OCRed from old editions of the Radio & Television News magazine. Here is a list of the Radio & Television
News articles I have already posted. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged.
the days before satellite communications (Telstar I,
c1962), long-range television broadcasts relied on an extensive (and expensive)
series of line-of-sight microwave towers. Each site had land ownership and maintenance expenses, so there was an incentive
to streamline operations. Development of an over-the-horizon relay system enabled a reduction in sites and streamlining
of operations - at least in theory. History shows that these installations must not have provided the improvement needed
to implement them on a larger scale than that reported here. Nowadays, the proliferation of cellphone towers for ubiquitous
coverage of wireless telecommunications has proven that huge numbers of individual sites can be profitable given a
large enough customer base. You can scarcely go anywhere anymore without being able to spy a cell tower sticking out
over the landscape.
New 785-mile TV-telephone link set up between Florida and Cuba employs scatter.
One of four 60·foot "big screen" Blaw-Knox antennas used in new microwave scatter link.
Scientists and engineers at Federal Telecommunication Laboratories have developed the world's first microwave radio
system capable of carrying television and more than 100 telephone channels for a distance of almost 200 miles. Over-the-horizon
microwave equipment, employing scatter techniques, provides an electronic bridge between Florida City, Florida and
Guanabo, Cuba - a distance of 185 miles. High-power transmitters and high-gain antennas are used in the new link.
The system differs from others constructed or under construction in that it incorporates a frequency band broad enough
to accommodate television and more than 100 telephone conversations at the same time. The conventional "O/H" system
is narrowband and is capable of carrying only a limited number of voice or telegraph channels. Overland links from
the O/H terminals to the main offices in Miami and Havana were installed by the American Telephone and Telegraph Co.
In order to achieve the utmost in system reliability, broadband transmitters and receivers are used in a suitable
dual and quadruple diversity system. The equipment, which is basically FM, operates in the 692-880 mc. band. A transmitter
power level of 10 kw. is used.
Besides this Florida-Cuba link, International Telephone and Telegraph Corp. is installing five major O/H links.
One joins the 240-miles-apart Mediterranean islands of Sardinia and Minorca, providing direct telephone service between
Spain and Italy.
President Kennedy addressing the launch of the Telstar satellite
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