1996 - 2016
BSEE - KB3UON
RF Cafe began life in 1996 as "RF Tools" in an AOL screen name web space totaling 2 MB. Its primary purpose was to provide me with ready access to commonly needed formulas and reference material while performing my work as an RF system and circuit design engineer. The Internet was still largely an unknown entity at the time and not much was available in the form of WYSIWYG ...
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|October 1951 Radio & Television News|
|[Table of Contents]
These articles are scanned and OCRed from old editions of the Radio & Television News magazine. Here is a list of the Radio & Television News articles I have already posted. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged.
Next Spring (2016) I will be installing an old-fashioned (but newly manufactured) Channel Master television antenna on a short tower (maybe just a pole) with a rotator. Here in Erie, Pennsylvania, under certain conditions I can receive broadcasts from Erie and many of the cities that border close to Lake Erie like Toronto and Waterloo (home of Blackberry), Canada and even Detroit. AM radio stations are easily pulled in from the same areas, but FM does not do quite so well. I plan to also integrate some form of FM antenna on the installation. There is something insulting about paying for cable or satellite TV and then having to suffer the deluge of commercials as well (I have neither). Nobody likes sitting through commercials, but at least if the programming is being delivered at no cost, it is not unreasonable for the broadcast companies to be paid by product sponsors.
The Channel Master CM3020 Advantage 100 is my likely choice. It is a 50-element combination HDTV/VHF/UHF/FM log periodic design with an advertised range of up to 100 miles. VHF gain 8.6 dB and UHF gain 9.5 dB, with a front-to-back ratio of 16 dB. I'll need to do a little research on what height will be needed for decent performance. Having the rotator with a good directional antenna is key to good reception. Once everything is up and running I'll post the project on RF Cafe.
Tests Reveal Serious Mismatch in Stacked Yagis!
Z-Match, New Development, Achieves 100% Perfect Match To 300 Ohm Line, Single or Stacked •
Higher Gain On All Yagi Installations Accomplished By Adjustable Impedance And Wider Spaced Elements.
Now! Stack Yagis without extra stacking bars!
Mismatch eliminated! Now Channel Master proudly introduces Z-Match - a system that guarantees 100% perfect match in both single and stacked Yagi installations.
Single bay Yagi perfectly matches 300 ohms because of wider spaced elements. When Yagis are stacked, the center bars of the folded dipoles are removed and used as half-wave connecting rods. This reduces the impedance of each antenna, and automatically creates a perfect 300 ohm match for the complete stacked Yagi array. The Z-Match system, plus wide spacing, provide higher gain for Channel Master Yagis, single or stacked. No extra stacking bars result in lower cost.
Gain of Z-Match Yagi on Channel 4
How to Stack Yagis with 100 % Efficiency
New System Eliminates Mismatch; Provides Higher Gain For Yagis
Acting on the complaint of installers of all makes of Yagi antennas that only a small additional gain was achieved in stacking, Channel Master Laboratories engaged in a thorough research project during the past summer. The engineers came up with the new Z-Match system, and, like all important discoveries, it is relatively simple.
They noted that although all single Yagis claim to match 300 ohm line, they are stacked one-half-wave with 3/8" connecting rod transformers spaced about 3" apart, with an impedance of 325 ohms. Each Yagi's impedance, therefore, was stepped up to 350 ohms, with the two in parallel totaling only 175 ohms. This meant a mismatch of almost 2:1 when used with 300 ohm line. (Fig. 1 lower right)
Channel Master engineers reasoned that in stacking, the impedance of' each single 300 ohm Yagi must be reduced in order for the total stacked Yagi to match a 300 ohm line, as follows:
1. Let the single Yagi match 300 ohm line perfectly when used alone.
2. Reduce Z (impedance) of each Yagi to 200 ohms for stacking.
3. Use 3/8" half-wave connecting rod transformers spaced at 3 1/8".
4. These connecting rod transformers have an impedance of 350 ohms.
5. These 350 ohm connecting rods transform each 200 ohm impedance to 600 ohms.
6. The two 600 ohm impedances in parallel equal 300 ohms.
7. Therefore a perfect match is achieved in both single and stacked antennas! (Fig. 2)
A) 3 element 1/2 wave folded dipole of single Yagi showing center bar. B) 2 half-wave folded dipoles with center bars removed. C) Center bars used as stacking rods.
The new Z·Match system automatically provides for lowering the impedance of each Yagi when preparing it for stacking. A 600 ohm, 3 conductor folded dipole (Fig. A) is used on the single Yagi to provide a perfect 300 ohm impedance. In stacking, the center bar is taken out of the folded dipole which lowers the impedance to 200 ohms and leaves a pair of 3/8" rods one-half-wave long (Fig. B). These are then used as connecting rods and the result is a stacked Yagi which perfectly matches a 300 ohm line (Fig. C). In order to provide a perfect 300 ohm impedance for the single Yagi, the crossarm had to be lengthened, resulting in higher gain for the Z-Match single Yagi. The antenna is wider spaced than most other commercial Yagis which use a half-wave crossarm. Furthermore, the cost of extra connecting rods is completely eliminated. Z-Match is an exclusive feature of Channel Master Yagi antennas. Completely pre-assembled.
Channel Master Corp.
Napanoch Road, Ellenville, N. Y.
Write for complete technical literature.
Posted December 14, 2015