Electronics World Cover,TOC,and list of posted Popular Electronics articles QST Radio & TV News Radio-Craft Radio-Electronics Short Wave Craft Wireless World About RF Cafe RF Cafe Homepage RF Cafe in Morse Code Google Search of RF Cafe website Sitemap Electronics Equations Mathematics Equations Equations physics Manufacturers & distributors Engineer Jobs Twitter LinkedIn Crosswords Engineering Humor Kirt's Cogitations Engineering Event Calendar RF Engineering Quizzes AN/MPN-14 Radar 5CCG Notable Quotes App Notes Calculators Education Magazines Software,T-Shirts,Coffee Mugs Articles - submitted by RF Cafe visitors Simulators Technical Writings RF Cafe Archives Test Notes RF Cascade Workbook RF Stencils for Visio Shapes for Word Thank you for visiting RF Cafe!

National Company Advertisement: Noise Limiters
September 1950 QST Article

February 1953 QST

February 1953 QST  Cover - RF CafeTable of Contents

These articles are scanned and OCRed from old editions of the ARRL's QST magazine. Here is a list of the QST articles I have already posted. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged.


National Company Advertisement

{Number one hundred ninety-seven of a series}

It is interesting to note the increasing interest lately in the use of noise limiters for C. W. use. Of course, the value of these simple little devices for phone operation has been well established for some time. The usefulness of of such a device was brought home quite forcibly to the writer while operating 80 meter C. W. (believe it or not!) at W1WB/1 during the recent field day. The transmitter was a surplus job that left the receiver running while the transmitter was keyed. The head-phones clamped over our ears with huge rubber earflaps that must have been designed for ears much larger. Every time the key was operated, a terrific clatter rattled through our head like a rivet hammer in the subway. We tried removing the phones during transmission but with one hand holding the key on a knee and the other hand operating it, there was too much delay getting rid of the key and getting hold of the phones again. And you know how much time a C. W. man will allow you for such things during Field Day operation! In this instance, a noise limiter would have been worth while just to save wear and tear on the ear drums.

While a single-ended noise limiter with a fixed adjustment is satisfactory for phone operation, it is far from adequate for good noise-limiting with C. W. signals. At National, we recognized this fact years ago and that is the reason that the noise limiter used in the HRO-7 and HRO-50 has for many years been of the double-ended type with an adjustable rather than a fixed threshold.

Phone limiters usually are adjusted to clip the positive modulation swing at about forty per cent with one diode. Further, this adjustment can be made automatic so that this clipping level can be maintained as the signal strength varies. A second diode is not needed to limit the negative modulation swing as this is taken care of by the detector diode itself.

When receiving C. W. signals, conditions are considerably different. The operating level is now usually set not by the signal but by the strength of the injected BFO carrier! If a signal is being received that is many times weaker than the BFO injection, noise peaks can now go to several hundred per cent of the signal voltage in both positive and negative directions. The limiter which worked so well on phone is now almost useless. It is now necessary to clip both sides of the audio signal delivered from the second detector and to adjust the clipping level to match the amount of audio recovered. Only then can good C. W. limiting be obtained. The above is just what the HRO limiter was designed to do years ago. It also helps to keep key clicks from wrecking your ear drums and can be used as a C. W. AVC as mentioned in a recent QST article. If you C. W. men have not been using your limiter for these purposes, you haven't been getting the most out of your HRO.

Cal Hadlock, W1CTW

Here are all the National Company advertisements I have:




Try Using SEARCH to Find What You Need.  >10,000 Pages Indexed on RF Cafe !

Copyright 1996 - 2016
Webmaster:  Kirt Blattenberger, BSEE - KB3UON
Family Websites:  Airplanes and Rockets | Equine Kingdom

All trademarks, copyrights, patents, and other rights of ownership to images
and text used on the RF Cafe website are hereby acknowledged.