of Contents]People old and young enjoy waxing nostalgic about and learning some of the history of early electronics.
Popular Electronics was published from October 1954 through April 1985. As time permits, I will be glad to scan articles
for you. All copyrights (if any) are hereby acknowledged.
What do General Curtis
LeMay, Arthur Godfrey, Herbert Hoover, Arthur Collins all have in common? They were Ham radio operators. A lot of
famous people were/are Hams, with these and a few other notables mentioned in this March 1958 edition of Popular
Electronics. Conspicuously missing is one of modern day's most renowned Hams, and that's Walter Cronkite, KB2GSD
(died in 2009). His broadcast career stretched back to World War II, so he was definitely around long enough.
Maybe the author just didn't know; after all, he couldn't just
look it up
Internet or in an FCC computer database.
See all articles from
VIP's Are Hams Too!
It's often a surprise to find who's behind the mike or key at the other end of a QSO
By Perry F. Williams, W1UED
some new radio transmitting equipment at an Army base in Cyprus after World War II, Staff Sgt. Pappy Henderson
found himself short of several badly needed parts. One evening, while working his ham radio "rig," he sent out a
CQ and hooked up with D4AFE in Wiesbaden, Germany. Since this was the location of theater headquarters, Pappy
asked the other ham if he knew any "brass" who could pry loose his urgent request for supplies.
considerably better than that - the material was aboard a plane for Cyprus the same day. What Pappy didn't know
was that D4AFE was the then Lt. General Curtis LeMay, Commander of the U.S. Army Air Forces in Europe!
Like many prominent men with eight-ulcer jobs, General LeMay, now four-star Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force,
finds needed relaxation through informal radio chats with "neighbors" - perhaps thousands of miles away - through
the twentieth-century magic of amateur radio.
One of LeMay's close friends is also an amateur radioman,
who got his start as a Navy radio operator. Later he turned to the field of radio entertainment, and built up
quite a reputation. Radio amateurs know him as K4LIB; you know him as CBS network star Arthur Godfrey.
Even though Godfrey spends many hours each week using radio and TV professionally, he finds amateur radio a
relaxing and enjoyable hobby. When he went on a hunting trip to Africa with LeMay last year, they brought along
some ham radio gear and kept in touch with the folks in Virginia.
Gen. Curtis LeMay, D4AFE
Arthur Godfrey, K4LIB
Herbert Hoover Jr., W6ZH and K6EV
William J. Halligan. W9AC
Arthur Collins. W0CXX
Allen B. Du Mont
Amateur radio is one of the few fields in which you can be a professional
without altering your status as an amateur. A very democratic fraternity - Godfrey and LeMay are known to hundreds
of fellow-hams by their first names - America's 160,000 FCC-licensed amateurs come from all walks of life, all
ages, all races and creeds, drawn by the attractions of this scientific, many-sided hobby. Some enjoy building
equipment, trying out all sorts of circuits and ideas. For others, tinkering as amateurs has led to profitable and
Arthur Collins, for instance, first built ham rigs for himself. When other hams became interested in his
designs, he formed the Collins Radio Co. and started producing amateur equipment commercially in the 1930's.
Today, still a ham (W0CXX), and still producing top-grade ham gear, he heads one of the largest companies making
aircraft radio equipment for the airlines and the military.
Another company well known to amateurs and
short-wave listeners - Hallicrafters - was founded by amateur William J. Halligan, W9AC. Gilbert Gustafson's
hobby, too, has led to a solid career: he is a vice-president of Zenith, in charge of engineering for the huge
radio-TV manufacturing concern, while still hamming with the call W9AQS. HOW TO GET YOUR HAM
You don't have to be rich, famous, or an engineer to become a ham. There's no age limit, at
either end of life, and there's no charge for the licenses which are issued by the FCC to those who have
qualified. Children as young as six have passed the Novice Class examination; one old gent is still hamming at 92.
You can take your studying in easy stages, with actual on-the-air practice in between. The Novice exam requires
only an International Morse Code speed of five words a minute - sending and receiving - and a simple written test
mainly concerned with FCC rules governing amateur operation. This license is good for a year, and allows low-power
operation in four amateur bands, including one band for voice conversations and three for code.
license, you can go on to one that's tougher technically but that doesn't require any increase in code speed. This
is called the Technician license, and permits operation in most of the very-high-frequency bands. It is becoming
very popular, especially in the larger cities and metropolitan areas. A Technician license is good for five years,
and can be renewed easily.
The goal of most hams is possession of a General Class license, requiring 13
words per minute in code, and a fairly thorough (though not too tough) exam in radio theory as well as
regulations. The General Class amateur can operate "phone" (as hams call voice), code, or radioteletype in every
authorized amateur band, and can even operate TV and facsimile in some bands. This license, too, is good for five
years and is renewable.
You can either build or buy your equipment. Most hams buy receivers already
assembled and tested, because proper checking of a complicated communications receiver usually takes a fair amount
of skill and considerable equipment. Some hams build transmitters from scratch, either with a design of their own
or one which has appeared in a magazine or technical book. Others buy kits containing the necessary parts, punched
chassis, cabinets, knobs, tubes and all, and build their transmitters according to detailed instruction books
furnished with the kits. Still others prefer to buy their transmitters wired, tested and ready to plug into the
Adequate transmitting and receiving antennas can be made from wire even by inexperienced people. Later on, you
might want a more complicated directional antenna shaped like those used for TV but usually quite a bit larger;
there are several types available from many different manufacturers.
Dr. Allen B. Du Mont, TV pioneer and
head of Du Mont Labs., and Ross D. Siragusa, president of Admiral Corp., while no longer hams, got their start in
this hobby. Two well-known scientists, E. Finley Carter, director of the Stanford Research Institute, and Cyril J.
Staud, vice-president for research of Eastman-Kodak, are long-time amateurs, with the calls K6GT and K2DQ
Amateur radio is a proving ground for new ideas. Lt. General Francis H. Griswold, deputy
chief of the Strategic Air Command, was quite impressed with the compact yet highly effective "single-sideband"
equipment used by amateurs. A ham radio operator himself, Griswold averted the delays which would have been
inevitable through professional and military tests and evaluation of the new system - he installed amateur
sideband gear in several SAC aircraft and found he could maintain two-way contact with amateurs all over the world
while the huge bombers were navigating the globe. Its practicality and efficiency thus quickly proved, the new
sideband form of voice transmission has now become the standard for military aircraft. BOOKS ON
A set of four useful booklets called the "Gateway to Amateur Radio" is published by the
American Radio Relay League, which provides technical books and booklets at reasonable cost to amateurs and
Included in the set is the "Radio Amateur's License Manual," which contains the full
text of the FCC regulations, sample questions and answers, information on where to obtain application blanks and
exam papers, and other useful material. A second booklet, "How to Become a Radio Amateur," shows you how to build
simple transmitters and receivers, and explains in simple terms what makes radio work. The third one, "Learning
the Radiotelegraph Code," not only tells you how to learn the code, but includes practice material and suggestions
for constructing buzzers or oscillators so that you can send the code. The remaining booklet, "Operating an
Amateur Radio Station," explains many of the "Q-signals," abbreviations and jargon that hams use, and in addition,
describes the ARRL and its services.
The "Gateway to Amateur Radio" can be obtained in most radio parts
stores, or you can write Department P, American Radio Relay League, 38 La Salle Rd., West Hartford 7, Conn., for
further information. Specialized Hams.
But this hobby is not reserved for engineers and
engineers-to-be. Its other facets are appealing to people with little scientific or mechanical bent.
are the "DX hounds," those who try to hold chats with amateurs in as many different countries, possessions and
territories as possible. There are "traffic men," who meet on the air regularly in networks to relay messages for
other amateurs and the general public, free of charge.
There are contest fans, who delight in the fast and
snappy operating to be found in numerous contests sponsored by the hams' national organization - the American
Radio Relay League, foreign societies, and local clubs throughout the country. And there are the hams who
specialize in emergency preparedness; through regular drills on the air, they maintain a vast network ready to go
into operation whenever floods, fires, hurricanes, storms, or other disasters disrupt normal communications
Perhaps the largest group - and one which attracts virtually all hams at one time or another -
is called the "rag-chewers." These friendly folk like to make new friends by radio, chatting at length about all
sorts of things.
From All Walks of Life.
Back in 1928, two California hams met by radio and were enjoying a
rag-chew. One of them, a Democrat, talked at some length about the virtues of Alfred Smith, who was running for
president that year against Herbert Hoover. The other ham didn't seem to have too much to say, and soon signed
off. The first wondered a little, then picked up his ham directory to address the usual QSL (acknowledgment) card.
The amateur at the other end of his campaign talk turned out to be Herbert Hoover Jr.!
The younger Hoover,
now rather well known himself as a petroleum engineer, as a trouble-shooter for the State Department, and as Under
Secretary of State from 1954 through 1957, has ham stations at both his home in Pasadena (W6ZH) and his summer
home in Santa Barbara (K6EV).
In the field of music, there's Tex Beneke, who took over the Glenn Miller orchestra after the death of its
renowned leader. He and his wife Marguerite have both been hams for several years; now living in St. Louis, they
are licensed as K0HWY and W0EHR respectively. Peewee Hunt, another well-known orchestra leader, operates W8HBC in
Columbus, Ohio. W6UK in North Hollywood, Calif., is owned by the noted guitarist Alvino Rey.
royalty, Crown Prince Feisal and five of his royal relatives are amateurs in Saudi Arabia. Former Archduke Anton
of Austria was such an ardent amateur that when the Germans occupied his country just prior to World War II he
continued operating in a ham radio contest, surrendering only after the contest was over. He survived the war,
incidentally, and now is licensed under the calls OE3AH and OE5AH as plain Anton Hapsburg. And the Maharajah Kumar
of Sikkim, P. T. Namgyal, is one of the two amateurs in the remote Himalayan country, with the hotly-sought-after
call AC3PT. Relaxing on the Air.
Others of the nation's top military men enjoy hamming as
a relaxing hobby. Rear Admiral Henry C. Bruton, Director of Naval Communications, has been a ham a long while, as
attested to by his "two-letter" call, W4IH. Brig. Gen. Joseph Stilwell, Jr., son of "Vinegar Joe" Stilwell of
World War II fame, is licensed as W4FPE.
Former Commissioner George E. Sterling, who retired from the
Federal Communications Commission in 1954, and previously had served in the Radio Intelligence Division and as
Chief Engineer of the FCC, has been an active ham for years, with the calls W3DF and WIAE. A prominent hotel
executive, Ernest Henderson, president of the Sheraton Hotel Corporation, operates WIUDY near Boston, Mass. W0HBG
is the call assigned to Clyde Hendrix, vice-president of Pillsbury Mills. The City Manager of Superior, Wisconsin,
W. R. L. Taylor, hams with the call K9IGF. And there is even a ham who is a professional wrestler - "Flash Gordon"