of Contents]People old and young enjoy waxing nostalgic about and learning some of the history of early electronics.
Popular Electronics was published from October 1954 through April 1985. All copyrights (if any) are hereby acknowledged.
a $50,000 helicopter! You can't touch a new heli these days for less
than a quarter of a million dollars (Robinson
). 1959 marked the early days of helicopter traffic reports,
I'm guessing before the good noise cancellation headsets so drivers
down in the traffic snarl tuned in their AM radios and got a lot of
reporters yelling in to the microphone to overcome the rotor chop-chop-chop
noise in the background. An airborne GE unit transmitted 3 watts at
26.19 mc (MHz), and received on a triple conversion, crystal-controlled
receiver. If you look at the one photo, you'll see a Handie-Talkie on
the passenger seat.
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Operation Radio Airwatch
By Morris Moses
Radio-equipped helicopter spots Los
Angeles Freeway traffic snarls
of electronic and radio communication equipment, a colorful helicopter
prowls above the traffic-congested freeway system in Los Angeles, California.
The roving whirlybird seems to be everywhere at once, knows in an instant
when safety is threatened below, and shares this knowledge with some
three million harassed drivers faster than you can say, "turn off at
the nearest intersection."
On call six days a week, 24 hours
a day if need be, the trim $50,000 Bell 47-H flies pilot Max Schumacher
and newscaster Donn Reed 500 to 2500 feet above the jammed freeway system.
Hovering at a standstill, or cruising at 80 miles per hour, the "Operation
Airwatch" team transmits reports on traffic conditions to Radio Station
KABC which re-transmits these messages on its regular assigned frequency,
790 kc. The driving public keeps its auto radios tuned to KABC for the
latest traffic information.
The cockpit of the radio-equipped helicopter. Control box can be
seen mounted between two portable receivers. The standby "Handie-Talkie"
is kept on the seat.
Pilot Max Schumacher and announcer Donn Reed on the job.
Once Max and Donn spotted a little girl innocently playing with a ball
right in the middle of whizzing traffic on the Los Angeles Harbor Freeway.
Donn got on the air in about two seconds, and blurted out a warning
to the Harbor Freeway traffic. Minutes later, police arrived and bundled
the little girl off to their lost-and-found department.
. Engineers and technicians at KABC
wanted a minimum of controls and switches on the 'copter. Simplicity,
economy, and reliability were the technical watchwords. Even though
most of the equipment is of commercial origin, there is a feeling of
radio ham ingenuity and even "homemade" simplicity about the installation.
The link between the 'copter and Station KABC is a commercial
General Electric 15-watt FM transmitter and receiver. Units are identical
at both the fixed and mobile stations, with the exception of power supplies.
The base station is a.c.-powered and the equipment on the 'copter is
powered from its 24-volt d.c. supply. The receiver is a G.E. superheterodyne
using a triple-conversion circuit, with each converter employing a separate
Air Rescues. Police radio calls
are monitored with the aid of a converted RCA transistorized broadcast
receiver. In between routine traffic guidance, the busy whirlybird has
followed the police calls to some very unusual air-rescue adventures.
When three teenage boys and a rubber life raft were mixing it
up with the Los Angeles River, pilot Max swooped down on the youths
and helped push them ashore with a blast from the whirlybird's rotors.
Meanwhile announcer Donn gave the radio audience below a spray-by-spray
description of the rescue.
Other aircraft and landing field
towers are contacted with a Lear 108-128 mc. transceiver mounted on
the instrument panel. Pilot Max keeps an "ear" on this (as well as on
the police call channel), leaving newscaster Donn free to study developments
on the complex highway panorama stretching below. Chats with passing
aircraft often help the Airwatch crew learn about urgent traffic situations
not immediately within their vision. DX'ing Missouri
Just in case the main equipment should fail, a battery-operated, crystal-controlled
Motorola transceiver is always kept ready to go. This set puts out about
3 watts at 26.19 mc. and can hold out for about 40 hours of normal operation.
The Motorola was the original set used by the Airwatch, and by some
freak of transmission is often picked up by Radio Station KFRU in Columbia,
Missouri. "We have a regular ritual here of listening to the Los Angeles
Freeway helicopter reports" wrote KFRU.
Once the G.E. equipment
"konked out." On went "Mickey-Mouse" (pilot Max's name for the Motorola
transceiver), and just in time; a serious freeway collision had occurred
involving an immense truck-trailer and four cars. Traffic started backing
up for miles. Newscaster Donn recalls:
"Five minutes after I
radioed alternate routes, the freeway was so clear of traffic you could
have fired a cannon ball down it and not hit a car."
at about 80 mph one afternoon on a routine freeway report "mission,"
the radio 'copter saw the first few wisps of suspicious-looking smoke.
Where there's that kind of smoke at that hour in Los Angeles, there's
probably a fire. There was; at a codeine factory. Airwatch reported
to the KABC base at 3:50 P.M. The station called the Fire Department.
The fire was snuffed out at 4:15. Following the Cars
On weekends the radio watchbird follows seashore-bound motorists to
California's jammed beaches. Motorists are given weather reports, visibility
estimates, water and air temperatures, and advice on parking problems.
At baseball games the 'copter is always welcome, since traffic is particularly
How does the average driver feel about Operation Airwatch?
Well, when Max and Donn asked the drivers to turn on their lights one
evening, the bumper-to-bumper caravan responded whole-heartedly. Result:
the whole freeway system was lit up like a fantastic Christmas tree.
And that's a lot of watts. Posted