April 1955 Popular Electronics
[Table of Contents]
People old and young enjoy waxing nostalgic about and learning some of the history of early electronics. Popular
Electronics was published from October 1954 through April 1985. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged. See all articles from
Contra-polar (negative) energy is a concept that has been investigated
by many researchers beginning in the mid 19th century, when
the nature of energy was beginning to be understood from a truly
scientific perspective. Entire theories of universe and matter-antimatter
creation have been published, reviewed and refined. This article
from the April 1955 edition of Popular Electronics reports on
then-current applications of contra-polar energy. At the time,
most such work was performed in secret government laboratories
and at test ranges that were closed to the public and results
banned from publication, but since that time freedom-of-information-act
requests have opened much contra-energy research information
for public access.
Negative light. produced by contra-polar
energy. removes light from the area affected.
Any developments in electronics which took place during World
War II are still secret, because of the requirements of military
security. However, the announced policy of the Government is
not to apply security classifications to information which might
be of use to the general public unless such classification will
serve an actual military requirement. Also security classifications
are removed when the conditions which originally necessitated
them no longer exist. POPULAR ELECTRONICS is now in a position
to reveal to the general public one of the most interesting
phenomena yet discovered in the field of electronics - that
of "contra-polar energy."
Those who are familiar with the development of the atomic
bomb will remember that the feasibility of the bomb was first
demonstrated mathematically by Dr. Lise Meitner, the German
mathematician, several years before World War II, and that its
theoretical feasibility was first called to the attention of
our Government by Dr. Albert Einstein. The problem then became
one of finding out how to apply the mathematical formulae. The
case of "contra-polar energy" is similar, but, since some of
our readers may be more interested in the applications of the
new principle than in the mathematical basis of it, we shall
defer the mathematics to the end of this article.
The photographs on these pages illustrate three simple applications
of "contra-polar energy," which are useful to the general electronic
hobbyist and experimenter. In two cases, where "contra-polar
energy" is applied to a soldering iron and an electric hot plate,
heat is not produced, but taken away, and cold results, as proved
by the formation of ice crystals on the soldering iron and freezing
of water in the ice-cube tray. When "contra-polar energy" is
applied to an ordinary table lamp, light is not produced, but
taken away, and the area affected by the lamp becomes dark.
(Editors Note: This phenomenon should not be confused with "black
light," so-called, which actually is merely light without any
visible elements. As far as the human eye is concerned, "black
light" is equivalent to zero light; the light produced by contra-polar
energy might be designated "negative light," since it subtracts
from light already present.)
Contra-polar energy makes a "hot plate" act
as a "cold plate" which will remove heat instead of producing
it, thus freezing ice cubes as shown.
One of the reasons why atomic energy has not yet become popular
among home experimenters is that an understanding of its production
requires a knowledge of very advanced mathematics. Contra-polar
energy, on the other hand, can be explained by simple algebra.
Many of our readers are, no doubt, familiar with the formula
for the resonant frequency of an LC circuit,
This formula involves a square root; elementary algebra tells
us that the square root of a positive number may be either positive
or negative. That is, + 4 equals either + 2 times + 2 or - 2
times - 2, so the square root of + 4 equals either + 2 or -
2. If the square root of LC may be either positive or negative,
it follows that ƒ, the resonant frequency of the circuit,
may be either positive or negative.
Now, the reactance of an inductance is proportional to the
frequency used; if the frequency is negative, the reactance
would be negative. The current through an inductance is equal
to the voltage divided by the reactance and a negative reactance
would produce a negative current. A small amount of resistance
in series with the inductance would not shift the phase of the
current very much and the current through the resistance would
still be negative, or 180 degrees out of phase with the voltage.
Power dissipated in the resistance would be equal to the voltage
multiplied by the current, but if the voltage is positive and
the current negative, the power would be negative. In other
words, with an alternating voltage of negative frequency applied
to a large inductance and a small resistance in series, the
resistance would not absorb power, it would deliver power!1
It has been known for some time that so-called "negative resistance,"
as in the dynatron2 and transitron3, would
deliver power, but this is the first indication that ordinary
positive resistance also can be made to deliver power4.
Another effect of negative heat: when a soldering
iron is plugged into a socket carrying contra-polar energy,
ice crystals are formed.
1 Those of our readers who may be unfamiliar with the foregoing
mathematical relationships between electrical quantities can
find an explanation of them in any standard textbook.
2 Albert W. Hull. "The Dynatron - A Vacuum Tube Possessing
Negative Electrical Resistance," Proceedings of the Institute
of Radio Engineers, Vol. 6. p. 5, 1918.
3 E. W. Herold, "Negative Resistance and Devices for Obtaining
It," Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers, Vol. 23,
p. 1201, 1935 .
4 Transactions of the Contra-Polar Energy Commission, Vol.
45, pp. 1324-1346 (Ed. Note - A reprint of a document found
in a flying saucer).
In keeping with the first day of April...
Posted April 1, 2013