May 1970 Popular Electronics
Table of Contents
Wax nostalgic about and learn from the history of early electronics. See articles
published October 1954 - April 1985. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged.
Acrylic wall-to-wall carpeting really came
into vogue in the late 1960s to early 1970s - just in time for the arrival of miniaturized
microelectronics (is that redundant or just superfluous?). Gate widths were being
shrunken rapidly as the birth of the
era was in its infancy (born in a 1965 paper written by Intel engineer and co-founder
Gordon Moore). The result was copious quantities of electronic gadgets being zapped
when the unsuspecting user would walk across the
Van de Graaff generator in the
form of floor covering and reach for a dial or switch. A couple thousand volts could
easily build up on a body clad in lime green polyester pants (remember the era),
then fzzzzt, there goes the clock radio or AM/FM tuner. Vacuum tube circuits from
a decade earlier never even felt the shock. Welcome to the world of
(electromagnetic pulse) and
ESD (electrostatic discharge) vulnerability.
Burning out Your Circuits Without Really Trying
By Errol J. Queen
The age of semiconductors brought with it the many advantages of subminiaturization,
cool operation, and improved performance in everything from sophisticated FM tuners
to electronic light dimmers. Diodes and transistors are not without problems, however;
as I recently discovered.
I made an excellent human treasure locator!
I am an audio-visual enthusiast and take great pains to put on semi-professional
slide shows for friends and relatives who visit us frequently. A Kodak Carousel
projector is connected through a Sound Synchronizer to a transistorized tape deck
and amplifier. The Synchronizer unit receives trip signals from one track of the
stereo tape, in turn changing the slides in coordination with pre-recorded commentary
and music. Colored lamps light the projection screen prior to the show's beginning;
and by means of a light dimmer, the room lights and colored spots are slowly dimmed
as the first slide comes on.
Recently. in redecorating our family room, I made the mistake of having acrylic
wall-to-wall carpeting put in. I was unaware of its highly electrostatic nature,
particularly on cool winter evenings. Sparks can play havoc with apparatus containing
When my wife or I walked across the room and then touched any metal surface,
an intense spark was created. While not dangerous because of the infinitesimally
low current, the voltage was probably near 100,000 volts with sparks as long as
an inch and a half. We even found that we were able to locate metal surfaces behind
the wall plaster (such as plumbing and conduits) by walking about and probing with
a finger until a spark jumped into the wall. My wife insisted that perhaps there
were treasures buried beneath the floor and asked that I crawl along the carpeting
as a human treasure locator!
In all seriousness, the electrostatic nature of acrylic was such that within
a week I saw sparks fly into my FM tuner, lamp dimmer, and FM-AM clock radio. Each
in turn suffered semiconductor damage, which was costly and emotionally disconcerting.
At that point, I felt I would have to make a serious decision sell the carpeting
at a tremendous loss, or sell the semiconductor equipment at a loss of dollars and
pleasure. I searched the catalogs and concluded that tube-type tuners and clock
radios were rapidly becoming a thing of the past - what with their problems of size,
heat dissipation, and lack of demand.
My problems were finally resolved when I called in the firm which sold the carpeting.
They recommended one of several available sprays, which, when applied, reduce the
charge buildup on such fibers. Powders are. also available for the same purpose.
They can be brushed into the rug, with the excess vacuumed up immediately.
If you own or plan to buy transistorized radios, amplifiers, tuners, tape decks,
light dimmers, or other appliances, make sure your carpeting is static-free.
Posted May 27, 2019