June 1956 Popular Electronics[Table of Contents]
People old and young enjoy waxing nostalgic about and learning some of the history of early electronics. Popular Electronics was published from October 1954 through April 1985. All copyrights are hereby acknowledged. See all articles from Popular Electronics.
Although obviously (but getting less so) before my time, the mention of this airborne radar surveillance system having been built by General Electric, in Utica, New York, struck a chord since that is where I had my first engineering job after having graduated from the University of Vermont with a BSEE degree. It seems to me the work at the time was all done in the converted textile complex on Broad Street. They were the glory days of GE, Westinghouse, Collins, Raytheon, and other electronics titans whose engineers, technicians, assemblers, and program managers changed the world. The airplanes and equipment used here were precursors to our modern E-2 and E-3 fleet.
1956 must have been a big year for the General Electric plant in Utica, New York, where I had my first engineering job right out of college, because I recently posted the Submarines - Are We Open to Sneak Attack? article that also referenced the location.
Two dozen men live and work together in giant aircraft whose super radar system guards against sneak air attack
New and powerful, the airborne radar built by General Electric is carried by this Lockheed long-range high-altitude reconnaissance scout, patterned after the Super-Constellation transport (Navy designation, WV-2; Air Force designation, RC-121). Radar antennas are mounted inside bubble-like structures ("radomes") atop and below aircraft's fuselage. Both Navy and Air Force use giant planes as flying radar stations off East and West coasts where they supplement the "radar fences" that guard against sneak air attack.
Phantom view of radar plane shows main cabin where radar operators monitor displays on screens. Rotating "dish" antennas are housed in both upper and lower turrets. Information received is coordinated in Combat Information Center aboard aircraft. This flying CIC can plot course of enemy invaders and then direct our own fighter planes to repel any attack. According to G.E., the radar is twice as powerful as any previous airborne search unit.
High-flying radar stations will extend the detection range of existing land-based units whose beams do not bend over the horizon. Provisions built into the equipment permit its use in anti-submarine action, aeronautical weather reconnaissance, and navigational aid, in addition to its chief function of aircraft detection. About six tons of electronic equipment are carried on one plane, in addition to a crew of thirty men. At left is a special test rig built by G.E. at Utica, N. Y.; this mock installation simulates setup on plane, removes system's "bugs" before use in real situation is permitted.
Inside the main cabin, looking aft. Each operator is responsible for observing a particular segment of the total area being scanned by the rotating antennas. Weight and size of the equipment has been kept down, despite increased power. Chassis are readily removed for easy inspection and quick maintenance.
Radar operator, one of a large team of observers, studies screen of indicator 'scope. Displays on screen show "pictures" of distant planes, giving range and bearing. In recent maneuvers, carrier-based fighter planes played role of "enemy attackers" and were repelled by land-based fighters. "Enemy" carrier was "sunk" by defenders using data supplied by radar plane, whose crew never even saw the "attacking" carrier or its aircraft.
Information received on radar screens is coordinated and verified in another part of the cabin. These men maintain radio contact with other aircraft and with surface stations. Special apparatus automatically distinguishes between friendly and enemy aircraft, is virtually foolproof. Often these planes are used as part of a large force which includes blimps and ships.
Time out for coffee and ... A complete galley, as well as bunks, helps keep the crew well-fed and refreshed. Staying high in the air for 24 hours or longer, each aircraft carries two crews for all stations. The double staff assures that rested men are available at all limes for any emergency. Planes work with each other and with ground forces.
Posted March 7, 2016