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SAE Tap & Drill Chart

The twist drill bit was invented by Steven A. Morse of East Bridgewater, MA, in 1861. He received U.S. Patent 38,119 for his invention on April 7, 1863. The original method of manufacture was to cut two grooves in opposite sides of a round bar, then to twist the bar to produce the helical flutes. This gave the tool its name.

Nowadays, the drill bit is usually made by rotating the bar while moving it past a grinding wheel to cut the flutes in the same manner as cutting helical gears. Tools recognizable as twist drill bits are currently produced in diameters covering a range from 0.05 mm (0.002") to 100 mm (4"). Lengths up to about 1000 mm (39") are available for use in powered hand tools.

The geometry and sharpening of the cutting edges is crucial to the performance of the bit. Users often throw away small bits that become blunt, and replace them with new bits, because they are inexpensive and sharpening them well is difficult. For larger bits, special grinding jigs are available. A special tool grinder is available for sharpening or reshaping cutting surfaces on twist drills to optimize the drill for a particular material. -Wikipedia

Standard SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) tap & drill size chart.

Thread
Size
Drill
Diameter
(in)
Tap Drill
Size
 Thread
Size
Drill
Diameter
(in)
Tap Drill
Size
Coarse ThreadFine Thread
1-64.0595No. 530-80.04693/64
2-56.0700No. 501-72.0595No. 53
3-48.0785No. 472-64.0700No. 50
4-40.0890No. 433-56.0820No. 45
5-40.1015No. 384-48.0935No. 42
6-32.1065No. 365-44.1040No. 37
8-32.1360No. 296-40.1130No. 33
10-24.1495No. 258-36.1360No. 29
12-24.1770No. 1610-32.1590No. 21
1/4-20.2010No. 712-28.1820No. 14
5/16-18.2570'F'1/4-28.2130No. 3
3/8-16.31255/165/16-24.2720'I'
7/16-14.3680'U'3/8-24.3320'Q'
1/2-13.421927/647/16-20.390625/64
9/16-12.484431/641/2-20.453129/64
5/8-11.531217/329/16-18.515633/64
3/4-10.656221/325/8-18.578137/64
7/8-9.765649/643/4-16.687511/16
1"-8.87507/87/8-14.812513/16
 1"-14.937559/64

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