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Nobel Peace Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the Nobel Prizes established by Alfred Nobel, a Swedish inventor and scientist. The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded for achievements in a broad range of areas including laureate's work for peace, attempts at resolution of wars and conflict around the world, and human rights issues. As designated in the will of Alfred Nobel, the Nobel Peace Prize shall be distributed "… to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses."
 



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Nobel Laureates
(Click on laureate names for biographies)

YearWinnerAchievement
2010Liu Xiaobo"for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China"
2009  
2008Martti Ahtisaari"for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"
2007Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr. and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)"for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"
2006Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank"for their efforts to create economic and social development from below"
2005International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
and Mohamed ElBaradei
"for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"
2004Wangari Maathai"for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"
2003Shirin Ebadi"for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children"
2002Jimmy Carter"for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"
2002United Nations (U.N.) and Kofi Annan"for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world"
2000Kim Dae-jung"for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"
1999Médecins Sans Frontières"in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents"
1998John Hume and
David Trimble
"for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"
1997International Campaign to Ban Landmines and Jody Williams"for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"
1996Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta"for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor"
1995Joseph Rotblat and Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs "for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"
1994Yasser Arafat,
Shimon Peres, and
Yitzhak Rabin
"for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East"
1993Nelson Mandela and
F.W. de Klerk
"for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"
1992Rigoberta Menchú Tum"in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"
1991Aung San Suu Kyi"for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"
1990Mikhail Gorbachev"for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"
1989His Holiness the XIVth Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso"The Committee wants to emphasize the fact that the Dalai Lama in his struggle for the liberation of Tibet consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people."
1988United Nations Peacekeeping Forces"The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the 1988 Nobel Peace Prize is to be awarded to the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces. It is the considered opinion of the Committee that the Peacekeeping Forces through their efforts have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations. Thus, the world organization has come to play a more central part in world affairs and has been invested with increasing trust."
1987Oscar Arias Sánchez"for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"
1986Elie Wiesel"The Norwegian Nobel Committee has resolved that the Nobel Peace Prize for 1986 should be awarded to the author, Elie Wiesel. It is the Committee's opinion that Elie Wiesel has emerged as one of the most important spiritual leaders and guides in an age when violence, repression and racism continue to characterise the world."
1985International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War 
1984Desmond Tutu"The Committee has attached importance to Desmond Tutu's role as a unifying leader figure in the campaign to resolve the problem of apartheid in South Africa."
1983Lech Walesa 
1982Alva Myrdal and
Alfonso García Robles
 
1981Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees"The Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees has, in the opinion of the Committee, carried out work of major importance to assist refugees, despite the many political difficulties with which it has had to contend."
1980Adolfo Pérez Esquivel"Pérez Esquivel, architect and sculptor by profession, has held the chair of architecture in Buenos Aires. In 1974, having decided to devote his life to the struggle for human rights, he took on the day-to-day running of the organisation Servicio Paz y Justicia, which has its head office in Buenos Aires as well as subsidiaries in a number of Latin American countries."
1979Mother Teresa"In making the award the Norwegian Nobel Committee has expressed its recognition of Mother Teresa's work in bringing help to suffering humanity. This year the world has turned its attention to the plight of children and refugees, and these are precisely the categories for whom Mother Teresa has for many years worked so selflessly."
1978Anwar al-Sadat and Menachem Begin 
1977Amnesty International 
1976Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan 
1975Andrei Sakharov"Sakharov's fearless personal commitment in upholding the fundamental principles for peace between men is a powerful inspiration for all true work for peace. Uncompromisingly and with unflagging strength Sakharov has fought against the abuse of power and all forms of violation of human dignity, and he has fought no less courageously for the idea of government based on the rule of law."
1974Seán MacBride and
Eisaku Sato
 
1973Henry Kissinger 
1972The prize money for 1972 was allocated to the Main Fund
1971Willy Brandt 
1970Norman Borlaug 
1969International Labour Organization
1968René Cassin"It is this respect for human worth, irrespective of nationality, race, religion, sex, or social position, which animates Professor Cassin's life and work. And it is primarily for his contribution to the protection of human worth and the rights of man, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, that the Nobel Committee of the Norwegian Parliament today awards the Nobel Peace Prize to Réne Cassin."
1967The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1966The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1965United Nations Children's Fund 
1964Martin Luther King 
1963International Committee of the Red Cross and League of Red Cross Societies 
1962Linus Pauling"... since 1946 has campaigned ceaselessly, not only against nuclear weapons tests, not only against the spread of these armaments, not only against their very use, but against all warfare as a means of solving international conflicts.
1961Dag Hammarskjöld 
1961  
1960Albert Lutuli 
1959Philip Noel-Baker"Throughout this span of time, for forty-five years, Philip John Noel-Baker has dedicated his efforts to the service of suffering humanity, whether in time of war or in the intervals between wars. But above all else, his efforts to prevent war breaking out have been tireless and ceaseless."
1958Georges Pire"The Nobel Committee of the Norwegian Parliament has this year awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to the Belgian Dominican, Father Georges Pire, for his efforts to help refugees to leave their camps and return to a life of freedom and dignity."
1957Lester Bowles Pearson 
1956The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1955The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1954Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees 
1953George C. Marshall 
1952Albert Schweitzer 
1951Léon Jouhaux 
1950Ralph Bunche 
1949Lord Boyd Orr 
1948The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section
1947Friends Service Council and American Friends Service Committee 
1946Emily Greene Balch and John R. Mott 
1945Cordell Hull 
1944International Committee of the Red Cross 
1943The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1942The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1941The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1940The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1939The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1938Nansen International Office for Refugees 
1937Robert Cecil 
1936Carlos Saavedra Lamas 
1935Carl von Ossietzky 
1934Arthur Henderson
1933Sir Norman Angell 
1932The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1931Jane Addams, and Nicholas Murray Butler 
1930Nathan Söderblom 
1929Frank B. Kellogg 
1928The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section
1927Ferdinand Buisson and Ludwig Quidde 
1927  
1926Aristide Briand and Gustav Stresemann 
1925Sir Austen Chamberlain and Charles G. Dawes 
1924The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1923The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1922Fridtjof Nansen 
1921Hjalmar Branting and Christian Lange 
1920Léon Bourgeois 
1919Woodrow Wilson 
1918The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1917International Committee of the Red Cross 
1916The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1915The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1914The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section 
1913Henri La Fontaine 
1912Elihu Root 
1911Tobias Asser and
Alfred Fried
 
1910Permanent International Peace Bureau 
1909Auguste Beernaert and Paul Henri d'Estournelles de Constant 
1908Klas Pontus Arnoldson and Fredrik Bajer 
1907Ernesto Teodoro Moneta and Louis Renault 
1906Theodore Roosevelt 
1905Bertha von Suttner 
1904Institute of International Law 
1903Randal Cremer 
1903  
1902Élie Ducommun and
Albert Gobat
 
1901Henry Dunant and
Frédéric Passy
 
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