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RF Cascade Workbook 2018 (GS) - RF Cafe

Wireless Communications Specifications #2

Wireless communications specifications change rapidly. Fortunately, it is rare that old spectrum is reallocated, so although much of this data was originally obtained from Data obtained from the Philips "2001 (& 2002) Worldwide Wireless Telecommunications Standards" chart, it is still valid.

  • Click here for GSM Frequency and Channel Usage Specs
  • Click here for Data Rates Supported By Cellular Standards
  • Click here for another version of this page with additional information

Click here for the original version of this document (it has information not included in this one).

GSM / iDEN

Technology GSMGPRSEDGEiDEN
DescriptionGlobal System for Mobile CommunicationsGeneral Packet Radio ServicesEnhanced Data Rates for GSM EvolutionIntegrated Dispatch Enhanced Network
GeographyMainly Europe and Asia, some Latin America and North AmericaAn upgrade for GSM networksAn upgrade for HSCSD/GPRS capable GSM networksNorth America initially; Korea, China, South America to follow
Introduction199220012001-20021994
Frequency range UL = uplink DL = downlinkGSM 450 band:
450.4-457.6 MHz (UL)
460.4-467.6 MHz (DL) GSM 480 band:
478.8-486 MHz (UL)
488.8-496 MHz (DL) GSM 750 band:
777-792 MHz (UL)
747-762 MHz (DL)
GSM 850 band:
824-849 MHz (UL)
869-894 MHz (DL) Standard GSM 900 band:
890-915 MHz (UL)
935-960 MHz (DL) Extended GSM 900 band:
880-915 MHz (UL)
925-960 MHz (DL)
Railways GSM 900 band:
876-915 MHz (UL)
921-960 MHz (DL) DCS 1800 band:
1710-1785 MHz (UL)
1805-1880 MHz (DL) PCS 1900 band:
1850-1910 MHz (UL)
1930-1990 MHz (DL)
800 MHz band
900 MHz band
1.5 GHz band
Multiple access technologyTDMATDMATDMATDMA
Frequency reuse pattern (cell x sector)4 x 34 x 34 x 3 with timeslot clearing as needed 
Symbol rate/chip rate270.833 ksps270.833 ksps270.833 ksps 
Channel spacing200 kHz200 kHz200 kHz25 kHz
Modulation
(forward/downlink)
0.3 GMSK (1bit/symbol)0.3 GMSK (1bit/symbol)3π/8 rotating 8PSK (3 bits/symbol) plus GMSKM16-QAM
Modulation
(reverse/uplink)
0.3 GMSK (1bit/symbol)0.3 GMSK (1bit/symbol)3π/8 rotating 8PSK (3 bits/symbol) plus GMSKM16-QAM
Speech CODECFR (Full Rate) = RPE-LTP 13 kbps;
EFR (Enhanced Full Rate)= ACELP 12.2 kbps;
HR (Half Rate) = VSELP 5.6 kbps;
or adaptive multi-rate
(AFR and AHR)
Not applicableNot applicableVSELP (Vector Sum Excited Linear Predictor)
Modulation filter0.3 Gaussian0.3 GaussianLinearized Gaussian filter 
SourceETSI/3GPP (GERAN)ETSI/3GPP (GERAN)ETSI/3GPP (GERAN)Motorola
Primary serviceHigh mobility cellular data/voiceHigh mobility packet dataHigh/medium mobility packet/circuit dataHigh mobility data and voice and voice
Maximum data rate9.6 kbps
(14.4 kbps option)
Depends on coding scheme (CS) and no. of timeslots used (1 up to 8):
CS1: 9.05 kbps per timeslot;
CS2: 13.4 kbps per timeslot;
CS3: 15.6 kbps per timeslot;
CS4: 21.4 kbps per timeslot
(no error correction)
Up to 384 kbps64 kbps
Packet switched or circuit switchedCircuit switchedPacket switchedPacket switched for EGPRS and circuit switched for HSCSDSupports both
Comment  EGPRS stands for enhanced GPRS;
HSCSD stands for high speed circuit switched data
 
Reference web sitewww.etsi.org www.3gpp.orgwww.etsi.org www.3gpp.orgwww.etsi.org www.3gpp.orgidenphones.motorola.com

(W)-CDMA

TechnologyW-CDMA (FDD)TD-SCDMATIA/EIA-95A/Bcdma2000 (1xRTT)1xEV-DO1xEV-DV
Description Wideband Code Division Multiple Access Frequency Division DuplexTime Division-Synchronous Code Division Multiple AccesscdmaOne System1x Radio Telephone Technology 1x Evolution Data Only (High Rate Packet Data)1x Evolution Data and Voice
GeographyKorea, Japan, Europe, USA, other Asian countriesChina; other countries deploying W-CDMA (TDD)North America, Korea, other Asian countriesKorea first; USA and Japan laterKorea, USA, JapanUSA, Korea
Introduction2001 (early trial systems)2004 or later1995-1997720012001-20022003
Frequency range UL = uplink DL = downlinkIMT-2000 band:
1920-1980 MHz (UE)
2110-2170 MHz (BS) PCS 1900 band:
1850-1910 MHz (UE)
1930-1990 MHz (BS) DCS 1800 band:
1710-1785 MHz (UE)
1805-1880 MHz (BS)
China: 1785-1805 MHz
1880-1900 MHz
1900-1920 MHz
2010-2025 MHz
2300-2400 MHz 3GPP: 1900-1920 MHz
2010-2015 MHz GSM 900 band and DCS 1800 band for GSM mode
824-849 MHz
(MS: US, Korea)
869-894 MHz
(BS: US, Korea)
887-925 MHz
(MS: Japan)
832-870 MHz
(BS: Japan)
1850-1910 MHz
(MS: US)
1930-1990 MHz
(BS: US)
1750-1780 MHz
(MS: Korea)
1840-1870 MHz
(BS: Korea)
IS-95 bands plus NMT-450 band:
411-483 MHz
(MS)
421-493 MHz
(BS)
IS-95 bands
plus NMT-450 band:
411-483 MHz (MS)
421-493 MHz (BS)
IS-95 bands
plus NMT-450 band:
411-483 MHz (MS)
421-493 MHz (BS)
Multiple access technologyCDMATDMA/CDMACDMACDMACDMACDMA
Frequency reuse pattern
(cell x sector)
1 x 11 x 11 x 11 x 11 x 11 x 1
Symbol rate/chip rate3.84 Mcps1.28 Mcps1.2288 Mcps1.2288 Mcps1.2288 Mcps1.2288 Mcps
Channel spacing5 MHz1.6 MHz1.23 MHz (US and Korea)
1.25 MHz (other countries)
1.23 MHz (US and Korea)
1.25 MHz (other countries)
1.23 MHz (US and Korea)
1.25 MHz (other countries)
1.23 MHz
(US and Korea)
1.25 MHz
(other countries)
Modulation
(forward/downlink)
QPSKQPSK initially, 8PSK laterQPSK (1bit/symbol)QPSKQPSK/8PSK/16QAMQPSK/8PSK/16QAM
Modulation
(reverse/uplink)
HPSKQPSK initially, 8PSK laterOQPSK (1bit/symbol)HPSK
dual BPSK (with HPSK scrambling)
HPSK
dual BPSK (with HPSK scrambling)
HPSK
dual BPSK (with HPSK scrambling)
Speech CODECAMR (adaptive multi-rate)China: Full rate, enhanced full rate, or half rate
3GPP: Adaptive multi-rate
8 kbps var rate CELP; or 13 kbps var rate CELP; or 8 kbps var rate EVRC8 kbps var rate CELP; or 13 kbps var rate CELP; or 8 kbps var rate EVRCNot applicable8 kbps var rate CELP; or 13 kbps var rate CELP; or 8 kbps var rate EVRC
Modulation filterRoot raised cosine a = 0.22)Root raised cosine a = 0.22)Chebychev low pass (FIR)Chebychev low pass (FIR)Chebychev low pass (FIR)Chebychev low pass (FIR)
Source3GPPCWTS (china)/3GPPTIA/EIA-95-A TIA/EIA-95-B3GPP23GPP23GPP2
Primary serviceHigh mobility data and voiceHigh mobility data and voiceHigh mobility cellular data and voiceHigh mobility data and voiceAlways on mobile packet data; not real timeHigh mobility data and voice
Maximum data rateUp to 384 kbps (up to 2 Mbps indoor)Up to 384 kbps (phase one);
2 Mbps (phase two)
95-A: 9.6 or 14.4 kbps
95-B: up to 115 kbps
Up to 307.2 kbpsUp to 2.5 Mbps (forward)/307 kbps (reverse)up to 3.1 Mbps
Packet switched or circuit switchedSupport bothSupport both95-A: Circuit switched
95-B: supports both
Support bothPacket switchedSupport both
CommentCapacity about 2 x TIA/EIA-95-BThere are two versions of TD-SCDMA: TSM and LCR. TSM is used in China and is supported by CWTS. LCR is supported by 3GPP. Capacity about 2 x TIA/EIA-95-BCapacity 6 to 10 x TIA/EIA-95-B; 3 x cdma2000cdma2000 Release C
Reference web sitewww.3gpp.orgwww.cwts.org www.3gpp.orgwww.tiaonline.orgwww.3gpp2.orgwww.3gpp2.orgwww.3gpp2.org

Wireless Data

TechnologyHSDPATETRA
Description High Speed Downlink Packet AccessTerrestrial trunked radio
GeographyJapan initially; Europe, US, and Korea laterall ETSI countries
Introduction20041997
Frequency range UL = uplink DL = downlinkIMT-2000 band:
1920-1980 MHz (UE)
2110-2170 MHz (BS)
832-870 MHz (BS: Japan)
PCS 1900 band:
1850-1910 MHz (UE)
1930-1990 MHz (BS) DCS 1800 band:
1710-1785 MHz (UE)
1805-1880 MHz (BS)
MS
380-390 MHz
410-420 MHz
450-460 MHz
870-915 MHz
BS
390-400 MHz
420-430 MHz
460-470 MHz
GSM 900 band 1710-1785 MHz (UE) 915-950 MHz
Multiple access technologyTDMA/CDMATDMA
Frequency reuse pattern
(cell x sector)
  
Symbol rate/chip rate3.84 Mcps18 ksps
Channel spacing5 MHz25 kHz
Modulation
(forward/downlink)
QPSK, 16QAMπ/4 DQPSK
Modulation
(reverse/uplink)
QPSK, 16QAM dual BPSK (with HPSK scrambling)π/4 DQPSK
Speech CODECnot applicableACELP (Algebraic code excited linear prediction)
Modulation filterRoot raised cosine a = 0.22)root raised cosine (a = 0.35)
Source3GPPETSI
Primary servicehigh mobility dataInstant communication for PMR (private mobile radio) and PAMR
(public access mobile radio)
Maximum data rateUp to 10.8 Mbps28.8 kbps with no protection
Packet switched or circuit switchedPacketSupports both
CommentW-CDMA Release 5Used mostly by public service, health and safety, emergency, and security personnel, construction and transport industries
Reference web sitewww.3gpp.orgwww.etsi.org www.tetramou.com

WLAN / WPAN

TechnologyBluetooth™*IEEE 802.11b IEEE 802.11a/g/h/j IEEE 802.15.3a (UWB) IEEE 802.16a/e
Description Wireless Personal Area Network (PAN)Wireless Local Area Network (LAN)Wireless Local Area Network (LAN)Ultra Wideband Personal Area Network (PAN)Wireless Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)
GeographyWorldwideWorldwideWorldwideMainly North America and Japan, but worldwide interesta: Mainly North America and Europe
e: Korea initially
Introduction200019992002-20032004-2005a: 2005 e: 2006
Frequency range UL = uplink DL = downlinkISM band:
2.400-2.4835 GHz
ISM band:
2.400 - 2.4835 GHz
g: 2.4-2.4835 GHz [ISM] a/h/,j:
4.9-5 GHz [Japan]
5.03-5.091 GHz [Japan]
5.15-5.35 GHz [UNII]
5.47-5.725 GHz
5.725-5.825 GHz [ISM, UNII]
North America:
> 500 MHz Bands in the
range 3.1-10.6 GHz
a: 2-11 GHz
e: up to 5GHz
Multiple access technologyTDMACSMA-CACSMA-CACSMA-CATDMA
Frequency reuse pattern
(cell x sector)
Not applicableInstallation specificInstallation specificInstallation specificNot applicable
Symbol rate/chip rate1 Msps11Mchips/sec Depends on format 
Channel spacing1 MHz frequency hoppingNorth America:
25 MHz (non-overlapping)
10 MHz (overlapping)
Europe:
30 MHz (non-overlapping)
10 MHz (overlapping)
g: 25 MHz
a/h: 20 MHz
j: 20 MHz, 10MHz option
528 MHz or greatera: 1.25-20 MHz
e: up to 10 MHz
Modulation
(forward/downlink)
GFSKDBPSK/DQPSK for 1 and 2 Mbps data rates; CCK with DQPSK modulation for 5.5 and 11 Mbps data rates52 sub-carrier OFDMShaped Pulse or Frequency switched OFDMOFDM with QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM
Modulation
(reverse/uplink)
GFSKDBPSK/DQPSK for 1 and (reverse/uplink) (3 bits/symbol) 8PSK later dual BPSK (with HPSK scrambling) dual BPSK (with HPSK scrambling) dual BPSK (with HPSK scrambling) dual BPSK (with HPSK scrambling) 2 Mbps data rates; CCK with DQPSK modulation for 5.5 and 11 Mbps data rates52 sub-carrier OFDMShaped Pulse or Frequency switched OFDMOFDM with QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM
Speech CODECLog PCM or CVSD
continuous variable slope delta)
Not applicableNot applicableNot applicableNot applicable
Modulation filterBandwidth Time (BT) product = 0.5Gaussian or vendor specificDepends on formatDepends on formatDepends on format
SourceBluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG)IEEEIEEEIEEEIEEE
Primary serviceLow mobility data and voiceLow mobility dataLow mobility dataLow mobility video and dataa: fixed broadband wireless access, point to point backhaul
e: mobile broadband wireless access
Maximum data rate1 Mbps raw (future 2-3 Mbps)11 Mbps raw54 Mbps480 kMbpsa: 75 Mbps
e: 30 Mbps
Packet switched or circuit switchedPacket switched or synchronousPacket switchedPacketPacketPacket
CommentBluetooth is a trademark owned by Bluetooth SIG Inc., U.S.A. and licensed to Agilent TechnologiesCurrent 802.11 standards share a similar MACDFS (dynamic frequency selection) and TPC (transmit power control) needed for operation in parts of 5 GHz band  
Reference web sitewww.bluetooth.orgwww.ieee802.org/11www.ieee802.org/11www.ieee802.org/15www.wirelessman.org

 

* Bluetooth is a registered trademark

All data in these tables were derived from Agilent's 2004 Evolving Frequency Standards Document, but no claim is made regarding accuracy of translation or permission by Agilent to use the data.

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