Richard Gatling, inventor of the Gatling machine gun, was born.
1869: British physician
Peter Roget, best known for his thesaurus but also the inventor
of a log-log slide rule and early investigator of sampling phenomena,
Richard Proctor, who first proposed that lunar craters are caused
by meteors rather than volcanic actions, died. 1923:
Jules-Louis-Gabriel Violle, who made the first high altitude
measurement of the
solar constant and after whom the
standard of luminous intensity was named, died. 1956: The first
coal pipeline was completed. 1958:
Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments invented the integrated circuit.
1959: The Soviet Union launched
2, which on September 13 it became the first space probe to
reach the moon. 1962:
President John F. Kennedy delivered his famous speech declaring,
"We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things,
not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that
goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies
and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to
accept, one we are unwilling to postpone..." 1992:
Dr. Mae Carol Jemison became the first black woman in space
as the payload specialist aboard the space shuttle Endeavor. 1994:
A stolen, single-engine Cessna
crashed into the South Lawn of the White House. 1995: Two Americans
were killed when their hydrogen balloon was
shot down by the Belarusian military during an international
race. 2013: American physicist
Ray Dolby, of noise reduction fame, died.
| Feb | Mar |
Apr | May |
Jun | Jul |
Aug | Sep |
Oct | Nov |
historical tidbits have been collected from various sources, mostly on the Internet.
As detailed in
this article, there
is a lot of wrong information that is repeated hundreds of times because most websites
do not validate with authoritative sources. On RF Cafe, events with
hyperlinks have been verified. Many years ago,
I began commemorating the birthdays of notable people and events with
special RF Cafe logos.
Where available, I like to use images from postage stamps from the country where
the person or event occurred.