1877: The American Chemical Society was incorporated in NY. 1914: Frequency hopping spread spectrum inventor Hedy Lamarr was born. 1921: Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for his work with the photoelectric effect. 1934: American astronomer Carl Sagan (aka Butt-Head Astronomer), of the PBS series fame, was born. 1961: USAF Major Robert White flew the X-15 rocket plane to a record speed of Mach 6.04 (6,587 km/h) and to a 30.97 km altitude. 1965: The biggest electricity grid failure in U.S. history, the "Great Northeast Blackout," caused a 13-hour blackout in northeast America and parts of Canada. 1989: East Berlin opened its borders. 1967: The first flight of the Saturn V heavy booster of the Apollo program (Apollo 4) was made. 1978: Kirt B. (that's me) entered the USAF to train as a radar repair technician. 1985: Gary Kasparov, 22, became the youngest world chess champion. 1992: Anik A, Canada's first domestic communications satellite, was launched. 1994: German scientists at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany created the first atom of element 110 (ununnilium, Unn). 2005: The European Space Agency (ESA) launched its Venus Express spacecraft from Kazakhstan. 2011: First nationwide test of the Emergency Alert System (EAS).