1749: Scottish chemist Daniel Rutherford, who discovered nitrogen, was born. 1892: Almon Strowger commissioned the first automatic telephone in his hometown of LaPorte, IN. 1906: The SOS (··· --- ··· in Morse Code, chosen for its distinct signature, not for Save Our Ship) radio distress signal was adopted at the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin. 1926: Charles Lindberg was forced to bail out of his DeHavilland DH4 biplane during a night airmail delivery flight. 1957: Sputnik II, with the second manmade satellite to be put into orbit and the first animal (a dog named Laika) put into space, was launched by the Soviet Union. 1971: The first edition of the UNIX Programmer's Manual, by Thompson and Ritchie, was published. 1973: The Mariner 10 spacecraft was launched and became the first manmade object to reach Mercury. 2004: The first felony prosecution of spammers resulted in the conviction of a brother/sister team.