1863: President Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address as he dedicated a national cemetery at the site of the Civil War battlefield in PA. 1901: Granville Woods issued a patent for a third rail to operate electrified railways (hence the term indicating a politically charged topic). 1916: India prime minister Indira Gandhi was born. 1922: Englishman Stanley Runcorn, discoverer of earth's magnetic core reversals, was born. 1956: American astronaut Eileen Collins, the first female Space Shuttle pilot, was born. 1959: Ford Motor Company announced it was halting production of the unpopular Edsel. 1969: Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean made man's second landing on the moon. 1996: The Clinton administration and Republican congressional leaders reached a deal to end a six-day budget standoff and resulting partial government shutdown (the "Monica thing" occurred during this shutdown). 1998: Japanese-American Ted Fujita, who discovered the phenomenon of microbursts, died. 1999: The People's Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.