1642: Italian astronomer
died. 1783: Connecticut became the first state to pass a
copyright statute. 1825: American inventor Eli Whitney, whose cotton gin revolutionized the textile industry, died. 1889: The
tabulating machine was patented by Dr. Herman Hollerith, who later founded IBM. 1935: A.C.
Hardy received a patent for the first
spectrophotometer. 1942: British theoretical cosmologist
Stephen Hawking, was born. 1956: American
Greenleaf Pickard, who
invented the crystal detector, died. 1964: President Lyndon Johnson declared a "War on Poverty" - now there's a quagmire if
there ever was one. 1980:
co-inventor of the ENIAC computer, died. 1982:
American Telephone & Telegraph settled the Justice Department's antitrust lawsuit against it by
agreeing to divest itself of the 22 Bell System companies (Baby Bells). 1987: The
Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 2,000 for the first time. 1998: al Qaeda terrorist
Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the World Trade Center bombing, was sentenced in New York to life in prison.