Day in Engineering History Archive - December 2
Note: These historical tidbits have been collected from various sources, mostly on the Internet. As detailed in this article, there is a lot of wrong information that is repeated hundreds of times because most websites do not validate with authoritative sources. On RF Cafe, events with hyperlinks have been verified.Please submit significant historical events and dates for inclusion in these lists. I will be glad to include your name and birthday. Please do not submit your death date ;-) A couple years ago, I began commemorating the birthdays of notable people and events with special RF Cafe logos. Where available, I like to use images from postage stamps from the country where the person or event occurred.
1594: Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator, developer of the map projection that bears his name, died. 1877: Louis-Paul Cailletet became the first to liquefy oxygen. 1881: German physicist Heinrich Barkhausen, who discovered the effect named after him regarding changes in the magnetic properties of metal, was born. 1895: James Dewar exhibited his new apparatus for the production of liquefied air. 1906: Peter Goldmark, who developed the first color commercial television system as well as the 33-1/3 LP phonograph record, was born. 1927: The first Model A Fords sold for $385. 1941: Admiral Yamamoto ordered his fleet to Pearl Harbor. 1942: A self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction was demonstrated by Dr. Enrico Fermi and his staff at the University of Chicago. 1952: The first human birth was televised to public on KOA-TV. 1965: American physicist Hugh Dryden, who headed NACA (now NASA) for seven years and after whom the Dryden Flight Research Center is named, died. 1990: The first parliamentary election was held in newly reunified Germany. 2001: Enron filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.