Day in Engineering History Archive - August 19
Note: These historical tidbits have been collected from various sources, mostly on the Internet. As detailed in this article, there is a lot of wrong information that is repeated hundreds of times because most websites do not validate with authoritative sources. On RF Cafe, events with hyperlinks have been verified.Please submit significant historical events and dates for inclusion in these lists. I will be glad to include your name and birthday. Please do not submit your death date ;-) A couple years ago, I began commemorating the birthdays of notable people and events with special RF Cafe logos. Where available, I like to use images from postage stamps from the country where the person or event occurred.
1646: English astronomer John Flamsteed, who established the Greenwich Observatory, was born. 1662: Child prodigy and mathematical genius Blaise Pascal died. 1785: Clock maker Seth Thomas was born. 1848: The New York Herald reported the discovery of gold in California. 1856: Gail Borden of Brooklyn, NY, patented his process for condensed milk. 1871: Airplane pioneer Orville Wright was born. 1906: Philo Farnsworth, credited with inventing the first successful television system, was born. 1950: Italian physicist Giovanni Giorgi, who invented the Giorgi system of measurement that introduced electrical resistance (MKS Ω, precursor to the SI), died. 1960: A tribunal in Moscow convicted American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers of espionage. 1960: Sputnik 5, carrying two dogs, was launched into space and were later retrieved as the first living organisms from space. 1967: Hugo Gernsback, electronics inventor, futurist, marketer, author, and publisher, died. 1981: Two US Navy F-14 jet fighters shot down two Soviet-built Libyan SU-22s. 1991: Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev was overthrown in a coup as Communist hardliners took over. 1994: Nobel Prize laureate Linus Pauling, who who applied quantum mechanics to the study of molecular structures, died.