These original Kirt's Cogitations™
may be reproduced (no more than 5, please) provided proper credit is given to me, Kirt
– noun: Concerted thought or reflection; meditation; contemplation.
Kirt [kert] – proper noun: RF Cafe webmaster.
The Dumbing Down of America
Survey of Earned Doctorates (NSF)
reports that the number of doctorates awarded by American universities
(39,955) continues to drop from the 1998 high. Most of the decline occurred
in science & engineering (S&E). Research doctorates are conferred
by 413 universities in the U.S. and PR. In 1998, 27,283 doctorates were
awarded in S&E, then down to 24,558 by 2002. The percentage of Ph.D.s
going to American citizens was 81% for the humanities, 55% for the physical
sciences, and a mere 39% in engineering. This means that about half
of the doctorates are awarded to foreign students. Women represented
45% of all doctorates awarded - the first time women earned the majority
of research Ph.D.s amongst U.S. citizens. The top five countries whose
students earned Ph.D.s in S&E in 2002 out of the 15,479 total (just
506 in EE) were China with 2,395, South Korea a distant second at 854,
then India with 678, Taiwan with 469 and Canada at 312.