These original Kirt's Cogitations™
may be reproduced (no more than 5, please) provided proper credit is given to me, Kirt
– noun: Concerted thought or reflection; meditation; contemplation.
Kirt [kert] – proper noun: RF Cafe webmaster.
Zeptoeverything - It's Mine
Let it hereby be known that I claim copyright and trademark rights for the following terms, in both their hyphenated and unhyphenated
- zepto®™ (ala the Apple™ nano™)
There are others, of course, but I do not want to appear greedy and overreaching. You can claim the others. Why not "atto...?" It has
been taken. Read on.
Having spent my teen years in the 1970s, I remember well the emergence of everything "micro." By the time I was savvy enough to jump on
some word and phrase claims, Bill G. had already formed Microsoft, micrometer calipers already filled the toolboxes of machinists, and microbiology
was already being taught in colleges. A few months after my 13th birthday, Intel secured its patent (#3,821,715) on the world's first commercial microprocessor (4004). Micro-something
mot du jours appeared at every turn..
The world was fairly content with things micro for a couple decades, but Moore's Law forged ahead and by the 1990s, we entered the
nano era. Sub-micron (i.e., nano) IC geometries were becoming the norm as one-million-transistor processors were announced. Nanotechnology
was the popular buzz phrase used for luring investors to underwrite thousands of newly formed companies that promised to revolutionize our
civilization. They delivered on the promise.
Almost daily I post headlines of the latest breakthrough in nanothis and nanothat. Nanomachines are enabling surgery and drug delivery
at the cellular level and allow accelerometers to be constructed capable of detecting gravitational forces between grains of sand. Carbon
nanotubes have been fashioned into everything from high-capacity, rapid-charge battery cells to super-conducting substrates, to bullet-stopping
body and equipment armor. Carbon nanotube cable is being studied as the breakthrough technology that could actually make the
space elevator concept a reality. It is amazing to witness the speed at which the
frontiers are advancing.
Originally, I was going to lay claim to attothis and attothat, but as you might imagine there has already been some push into the atto
arena. A Google search on atto technology showed that someone beat me to the name. Atto
electronics must also be out there already. I want rights to the entire realm of a numerical prefix. So, I moved on to the next step down.
Nobody has zeptoanything yet†... except now I do. Thanks to services like Archive.org's
Wayback Machine™, there will be a permanent record of my legal right to the
names preserved in perpetuity should the need for proof arise in a court case.
How small is zepto? Here is a list of some common numerical
Of course everything is relative, so an attotexasecond is still a second, which is not a very impressive amount of time. A femtoparsec is about 31 meters in length. A zeptomole will get you 602 carbon 12
atoms. In contemporary terms, a picoUSBailoutPackage is around four bucks... don't spend it all in one place.
Seriously, though, let us consider a few practical examples. A DNA double helix is about 2 nanometers across, whereas the wavelength of
visible light ranges from about 380 to 750 nm. That, of course, means
you cannot see DNA without the help of x-ray imaging, which runs down into the 0.01 nanometer realm. The gate width for one of Intel's newest
microprocessors is around 45 nanometers. Hydrogen has a Bohr
radius of 53 picometers; lead's Bohr radius is 154 pm. Fingernails grow at a rate of around 100 micrometers per day.
Some people say that the widespread acceptance and embracing of Gordon Moore's
"Law," first introduced in 1965 (see original graph at right), has been a motivational force to help assure that it has been perpetuated
for more than 40 years. Moore's Law predicts a doubling of densities every two years, which has equated to shrinking gate sizes.
Pn = P0 x 2n
Getting to the zeptometer gate width realm from the current nanometer gate width realm means a shrinkage factor of 1012.
Since log2 (1012) = 240, that means it will take 20 more years. Sure, it might be thought impossible today because
of physics limitation, but science absolutes change all the time. I might still be around by then to capitalize on my zeptoeverything claim
- not a bad retirement plan even at 70 years old.
By the way, for the sake of my posterity, since it will be long past my days on this Earth, I also claim subplanckscale®™, subplanckelectronics®™,
subplancktube®™, and subplanck®™ as a generic prefix for everything. Yeah, yeah, I know you are thinking that the
Planck length is theoretically the shortest possible length, but remember
what I just said about absolutes. The only universal constant is change.
† There is a zepto.com already, but I'm camping on the domain name to snatch it when it expires.