In the last few years, many things I have
read or watched keep reminding me of how fast time is passing and how
quickly technology is advancing. One of the most recent examples is
while studying a photograph of a modern air traffic control (ATC) radar
display. The incredibly large displays (plan position indicators, or
PPIs, in ATC parlance) draw razor sharp lines and text characters and
perform an amazing repertoire of sophisticated target tagging and tracking
functions. Seeing all the many lines outlining terminal control areas,
stationary obstacles, terrain features, VOR stations and runway outlines
made me think about how relatively easily those maps are generated nowadays
using packaged software and a desktop PC. Draw a line and if it doesn't
turn out quite right, simply delete it or move it or maybe make it a
little longer or shorter. No problemo.
In my days of
radar, the maps were
manually etched on a circle of glass with a black surface coating, using
the equivalent of a
Back in my day of working on ATC radars in the U.S. Air Force, when
both the surveillance and precision approach systems were still primarily
constructed of tube circuits, making area maps was not quite so simple.
Crude by today's standards, our analog video mapping system, the AN/GPA-131,
used one of the earlier applications of a photomultiplier tube. The
air traffic controllers generated maps by etching lines on a small round
glass plate that had a thin layer of flat black paint on it. If my memory
serves me well, the mechanism they used was similar to a
with a scribe on the end rather than a pencil or pen. Repairing mistakes
usually meant trashing the work in progress and starting anew. Making
a backup meant going through the painstaking ordeal of manually etching
a new plate.
The way the system worked was that a miniature CRT
was located on the side of the plate opposite of the photomultiplier
tube, and a sweep was generated that was synchronized with the actual
radar PPI sweep. The photomultiplier tube recorded the position of the
light detected through the etched lines and the resulting analog signal
was summed into the raw radar video that was presented to the air traffic
controllers. The only electronic adjustments available were rotation
and scaling for alignment. It really was quite impressive in its day.
That, of course, is just one example of things that make feel old.
The older I get, the more I notice. My only regret is not having had
these new technologies available as a starting point back 25+ years
ago. BTW, I was born the same year that the Explorer 1 satellite was
A huge collection of my 'Factoids' can be accessed from my 'Kirt's Cogitations'
table of contents.
Topical Smorgasbord, another manifestation of Factoids,
are be found on these pages:
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11 | 12 |
13 | 14
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21 | 22
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24 | 25 |
26 | 27
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31 | 32
| 33 |
34 | 35 |
All pertain to topics that are related to the general engineering and science theme
of RF Cafe.
1996 - 2018
BSEE - KB3UON
RF Cafe began life in 1996 as "RF Tools" in an AOL screen name web space totaling
2 MB. Its primary purpose was to provide me with ready access to commonly needed formulas
and reference material while performing my work as an RF system and circuit design engineer.
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