Because of the high maintenance needed to monitor and filter spammers from the RF Cafe Forums, I decided that it would
be best to just archive the pages to make all the good information posted in the past available for review. It is unfortunate
that the scumbags of the world ruin an otherwise useful venue for people wanting to exchanged useful ideas and views.
It seems that the more formal social media like Facebook pretty much dominate this kind of venue anymore anyway, so if
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page, please do.
Below are all of the forum threads, including all
the responses to the original posts.
Post subject: about VCO output imdedance and Buffer Posted:
Mon Jul 30, 2007 5:25 am
Joined: Sun Jul 29,
2007 10:30 pm
i have the question about VCO output impedance...
1. do not we really know VCO output impedance??
order to get enough output voltage swing, we use buffer in VCO output
as i know, because we do not the output imdepance of VCO,
the output swing should be check for the enough power for Mixer input
power requirement by using buffer...
3. Actually...what is the
exact usage of the buffer connected to VCO output port...moreover is
there any method to check output impedance of VCO?
buffer, the output impedance is usally 50 ohm..is that correct???
plz tell me anything wrong and things i asked...
i can get ur answer..
Posted: Mon Jul 30, 2007 9:51 am
Mon Jun 27, 2005 2:02 pm
1. The output impedance can be characterized by a
parameter called pulling, which defines how much the frequency will
change at a given load (Usually that gives -12dB return loss at all
phases). I never saw that an output impedance of the VCO is measured
2. The buffer is used for better isolation and to
increase the output power of the VCO in order to be able to drive the
LO port of the Mixer.
3. The buffer is an amplifier of which
output impedance should be matched to 50 ohm. A good practice is to
choose a buffer which is capable to an output power of at least 3dB
more than the LO power and to insert a pad between the LO port and the
buffer output to set the correct output power and to improve the matching
between the LO port and the buffer output.
4. Yes, the buffer's
impedance should be identical to the system characteristic impedance,
which is usually 50 ohm.
Posted: Tue Jul 31, 2007 9:46 am
Fri Feb 17, 2006 12:07 pm
Location: London UK
To add a little to IR's point no.2:
the s-parameter S12 of a buffer amplifier is usually very low, and can
be made even lower if negative feedback is used. Thus any reflected
power from a load on the buffer does not find its way, out of phase,
to the VCO and result in frequency being pulled off nominal, or erratic
starting of the VCO when power is applied.
Post subject: Posted: Wed Aug 01, 2007 10:12 am
Joined: Fri Feb 17, 2006 12:07 pm
You might find this helps.